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OBJECTIVE We evaluated the sensitivity of pulsed Arterial Spin Labelling (pASL) for the detection of changes in regional cerebral blood perfusion (CBP) during and after intra-venous (i.v.) infusion of an opioid agonist (fentanyl) and an opioid antagonist (naloxone). MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three subjects were scanned four times, receiving i.v.(More)
The MIB1 monoclonal antibody which is used as a marker of cell proliferation was studied by immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded biopsy specimens of lymph nodes in 40 high- and 46 lowgrade cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) classified according to the Kiel classification. All cases were found to display nuclear MIB1 staining. A(More)
and Switzerland) in order to assess similarities and differences in four main areas relating to, and influencing, service provision for alcohol use disorders (AUD), service utilisation, impact and cost-effectiveness of brief interventions and specialist treatment for alcohol use disorders. Semi-structured questionnaires were designed for key clinical and(More)
We investigated the immunohistochemical expression of p21/waf1 protein in 59 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC) and compared p21 expression with PCNA, p53 and mdm2 protein expression. We found p21, PCNA, p53 and mdm2 in 59/59, 59/59, 18/59 and 12/59 nasopharyngeal carcinomas, respectively. We observed a tendency to a relationship between high(More)
The aim was to investigate the pattern of expression of p53 protein and two wild-type (wt) p53-induced proteins (mdm2 and p21/waf1), as an indirect way of assessing p53 gene status in breast carcinomas. Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue from 102 cases of breast carcinomas comprising mostly ductal carcinomas (88 cases) was stained by(More)
The neurobiological underpinnings of effort-related monetary reward processing of gambling disorder have not been previously studied. To date neuroimaging studies lack in large sample sizes and as a consequence less attention has been given to brain reward processing that could potentially be attributed to comorbid conditions such as depressive mood state.(More)
Neuroimaging in pathological gambling (PG) allows studying brain structure independent of pharmacological/neurotoxic effects occurring in substance addiction. Because of high comorbidity of PG with substance use disorder (SUD), first results on structural deficits in PG are controversial. The current investigation is the first to examine gray matter (GM)(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors are highly expressed in the amygdala, caudate and hypothalamus. GATA4 gene encodes a transcription factor of ANP associated with the pathophysiology of alcohol dependence. We have previously demonstrated that the GATA4 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs13273672 revealed stronger alcohol-specific amygdala(More)
Aims-To investigate the pattern of expression of p53 protein and two wild type p53 induced proteins (mdm2 and p21/waf1) as an indirect way of assessing p53 gene status in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.Methods-Formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded tissue from 87 cases of nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, comprising 52 high grade and 35 low grade tumours, was stained by(More)
BACKGROUND Disordered gambling (DG) has often been associated with impaired decision-making abilities, suggesting a dysfunction in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). AIMS To our knowledge, no previous study has accurately considered the effect of substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity (including nicotine dependence) on decision-making(More)