Evangelos Andreakos

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Signaling by Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) has been implicated in early lung development, adult lung homeostasis and tissue-injury repair. However, the precise mechanism of action and the spatio-temporal pattern of BMP-signaling during these processes remains inadequately described. To address this, we have utilized a transgenic line harboring a(More)
How lipopolysaccharide (LPS) signals through toll-like receptors (TLRs) to induce nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B inflammatory cytokines in sepsis remains unclear. Major candidates for that process are myeloid differentiation protein 88 (MyD88) and MyD88 adaptor-like/TIR domain-containing adaptor protein (Mal/TIRAP) but their role needs to be further defined.(More)
IL-28 (IFN-λ) cytokines exhibit potent antiviral and antitumor function but their full spectrum of activities remains largely unknown. Recently, IL-28 cytokine family members were found to be profoundly down-regulated in allergic asthma. We now reveal a novel role of IL-28 cytokines in inducing type 1 immunity and protection from allergic airway disease.(More)
Adhesion of leukocytes to the vascular endothelium is an early event in inflammation. Since cell-cell signaling may be an important stimulus for endothelial activation, we focused in this study on the role of contact-mediated activation by T lymphocytes of endothelial cells (EC). T lymphocytes were cultured with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody or in the(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have long been considered to be major culprits in the development of atherosclerosis, contributing both to its progression and clinical complications. However, evidence for most TLRs beyond TLR2 and TLR4 is lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS We used experimental mouse models, human atheroma cultures, and well-established(More)
We and others have reported that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial T cells can activate human monocytes/macrophages in a contact-dependent manner to induce the expression of inflammatory cytokines, including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha). In the present study we demonstrate that RA synovial T cells without further activation can also induce(More)
During the 26 years that have elapsed since its discovery, activin-A, a member of the transforming growth factor β super-family originally discovered from its capacity to stimulate follicle-stimulating hormone production by cultured pituitary gonadotropes, has been established as a key regulator of various fundamental biological processes, such as(More)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare, systemic disease caused by monoclonal expansion of dendritic cells that shows a particular predilection for the hypothalamic-pituitary system (HPS). We studied the function (anterior and posterior pituitary hormonal secretion) and morphology using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the HPS in 17 adult patients(More)
The elucidation of the signalling pathways involved in inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, could provide long sought after targets for therapeutic intervention. Gene regulation is complex and varies depending on the cell type, as well as the signal eliciting gene activation. However, cells from certain lineages, such as macrophages, are(More)
T umour necrosis factor (TNF) blockade, achieved by the soluble receptors and antibodies, has been a major success in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 1 The success of this treatment has also established biological agents as a new weapon in the armoury of therapeutic approaches to the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Established data and(More)