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OBJECTIVE(S) To describe the epidemiology of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and recurrent bacterial pneumonia (RBP) as AIDS-defining illnesses (ADI) in Europe. DESIGN Analysis of AIDS surveillance data collected in the World Health Organization European region by EuroHIV, Saint Maurice, France. METHODS Adult AIDS(More)
Among 470 patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and/or human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV/AIDS) who underwent genotype resistance testing (GRT) after the failure of therapy, 17 (3.6%) harbored the Q151M mutation. The Q151M mutation was associated with younger age, lower CD4(+) lymphocyte count, higher HIV RNA level, and treatment with(More)
The mutation RT-K65R confers resistance to tenofovir (TDF). Although its prevalence is increasing with the use of this drug, clinical and genotypic correlates of K65R occurrence have yet to be fully identified. Clinical, virological and immunological and genotypic data of patients naïve for TDF who failed HAART regimens and underwent genotypic resistance(More)
OBJECTIVES In many industrialized countries HCV infection is characterized by an increasing prevalence during ageing; however, data on the efficacy of treatment among older patients are scarce. This study was set up to evaluate the effect of age on the treatment of chronic HCV hepatitis with peginterferon alpha plus ribavirin. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
The risk of exposed health care workers in 16 Italian hospitals becoming infected with hepatitis C virus was assessed through two serosurveys at a 1-year interval and at follow-up. Prevalence, which was 2.2%, was significantly associated with previous acute hepatitis, blood transfusions, housekeeping, and older age (> 46 years) but not with occupational(More)
Previous cases of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been reported in the literature. The role of HIV in PH is still debatable. The purpose of this report was to analyze whether HIV plays a direct or indirect role in PH pathogenesis. Between February and November 1997, 56 HIV-infected patients with cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the emergence of drug resistance in patients failing first-line regimens containing one nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) administered with zidovudine (ZDV) + lamivudine (the ZDV group) or non-thymidine analogues (non-TAs) (tenofovir or abacavir, + lamivudine or emtricitabine; the non-TA group). METHODS Three(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated reliability and clinical usefulness of genotypic resistance testing (GRT) in patients for whom combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) was unsuccessful with viremia levels 50-1000 copies/mL, for whom GRT is generally not recommended by current guidelines. METHODS The genotyping success rate was evaluated in 12 828 human(More)