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This paper reviews the complications that arose after 68 276 percutaneous liver biopsies performed from 1973 to 1983. The complications are analyzed in relation to the underlying liver disease and to the type of needle used. Death was infrequent (9/100 000); it was always due to haemoperitoneum and occurred only in patients with malignant diseases or(More)
We studied 648 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)- and/or anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive patients to evaluate the virologic and clinical characteristics of multiple hepatitis viral infection. We defined as Case B-C an HBsAg/anti-HCV positive patient and as Case b-C an anti-HCV/anti-HBc-positive, HBsAg/anti-HBs-negative patient. For each Case B-C we(More)
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) was responsible for a high proportion of cases of acute and chronic liver disease in Southern Europe during the 1970s. Some data suggest that by the 1990s HDV circulation had substantially declined. We have assessed the prevalence of HDV infection and its clinical impact in 834 Italian hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers(More)
AIM To evaluate the virological and clinical characteristics of occult HBV infection (OBI) in 68 consecutive HBsAg-negative patients with biopsy-proven cirrhosis and HCC. METHODS HBV DNA was sought and sequenced in plasma, HCC tissue and non-HCC liver tissue by PCRs using primers for HBV core, surface and x regions. OBI was identified by the presence of(More)
UNLABELLED The impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) superinfection in hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic carriers was evaluated in a long-term follow-up study on 29 chronic anti-HCV carriers with acute hepatitis B (AVH-B) (Case group BC) and 29 anti-HCV negative patients with AVH-B (Control group B), pair-matched for age (+/-5 years), sex, and risk factors for(More)
To evaluate whether HCV genotype and a "silent" HBV infection may be related to a more severe clinical presentation of liver disease, 205 anti-HCV/HCV-RNA positive, HBsAg/anti-HBs negative patients with chronic hepatitis (113 males and 92 females; median age 55 years, range 18-77), were studied on presentation at the Liver Unit from January 1993 to December(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of chronic hepatitis B with special reference to the geographical origin of the patients and to the prevalence of HBeAg and viral and non-viral co-factors of liver disease. A cross-sectional multicenter survey was undertaken, which enrolled 1,386 HBsAg chronic carriers observed consecutively in 21(More)
BACKGROUND Few data are available on histological features of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) virus coinfection. PATIENTS AND METHODS We enrolled 142 consecutive patients with viral chronic hepatitis on their first liver biopsy: 27 HBsAg and anti-HCV positive (case BC group), 57 HBsAg positive and anti-HCV negative (control B group) and 58 anti-HCV(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this review was to define a core set of recommendations for the treatment of HCV-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) by combining current evidence from clinical trials and expert opinion. METHODS Expert physicians involved in studying and treating patients with MCS formulated statements after discussing the(More)