Evangelia D Platsouka

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BACKGROUND Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) are at a high risk of acquiring blood stream infections. We examined whether SOFA score on ICU admission and on the day of bacteremia can predict the occurrence of bacteremia and the outcome of bacteremic ICU patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients admitted to a multidisciplinary ICU for more(More)
To determine the epidemiology, risk factors for and outcome of candidaemia in critically ill patients, a matched case-control study was performed in a 25-bed intensive care unit (ICU) from August 2004 to January 2006. Candidaemia occurred in 33 patients; each patient was matched to four controls according to admission illness severity, diagnostic category(More)
OBJECTIVE We present our experience with five cases of pandrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and analysis of risk factors. DESIGN AND SETTING Case-control study in a 15-bed intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS The study included 5 cases and 20 controls. Each case patient was matched to four(More)
PURPOSE Carbapenem-resistant (CR) Gram-negative pathogens have increased substantially. This study was performed to identify the risk factors for development of CR Gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS Prospective study; risk factors for development of CR-GNB were investigated using two groups of case patients: the(More)
In this study we determined the incidence, resistance pattern, and mortality rate associated with infection caused by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium among patients in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU). A total of 111 patients with E. faecalis and 60 with E. faecium infections were identified during a 5-y period (1992-96). We(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the current frequency and study the characteristics of VIM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from bloodstream infections in Greek hospitals. METHODS All blood isolates of K. pneumoniae were prospectively collected during 2004-06 in three teaching hospitals located in Athens. MICs of antibiotics were determined by the(More)
BACKGROUND There has been an increasing incidence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infections in recent years. The objective of this study was to determine specific risk factors for and outcome of bacteremia due to CRAB isolates among our ICU patients with A. baumannii bacteremia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Among 96 patients with(More)
Seventy-nine Klebsiella pneumoniae and 124 Escherichia coli clinical strains, isolated consecutively during August-October 2001 in two Greek hospitals, were examined for production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). Seventy-one (35%) isolates (46 K. pneumoniae and 25 E. coli) were ESBL-positive by phenotypic methods. Isoelectric focusing of(More)
We investigated a multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital in Greece over a 3-month period. Molecular typing of the outbreak isolates from 31 patients revealed that two distinct genotypes were involved. Nine isolates, belonging to both genotypes, were resistant to carbapenems. Samples(More)