Evangelia D Platsouka

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The fate of spontaneous chromosomal rifampin-resistant (Rifr) mutants of Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas fluorescens in sterile and live organic soil from which they were isolated was studied. In sterile native-soil assays, a Rifr mutant of P. putida showed no decrease in competitive fitness when compared with the wild-type parent. However, mutants of P.(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the current frequency and study the characteristics of VIM-1-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from bloodstream infections in Greek hospitals. METHODS All blood isolates of K. pneumoniae were prospectively collected during 2004-06 in three teaching hospitals located in Athens. MICs of antibiotics were determined by the(More)
Carbapenem-resistant (CR) Gram-negative pathogens have increased substantially. This study was performed to identify the risk factors for development of CR Gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Prospective study; risk factors for development of CR-GNB were investigated using two groups of case patients: the first group(More)
BACKGROUND There has been an increasing incidence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infections in recent years. The objective of this study was to determine specific risk factors for and outcome of bacteremia due to CRAB isolates among our ICU patients with A. baumannii bacteremia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Among 96 patients with(More)
hyplex®-MBL ID Multiplex PCR-ELISA, a novel method for identifying metallo-β-lactamase genes directly in clinical specimens, was evaluated using a consecutive collection of 326 samples from three hospitals in Greece characterized by high prevalence of VIM producers. The method exhibited high sensitivity (98.0%) and specificity (98.6%) and was proven(More)
We present our experience with five cases of pandrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and analysis of risk factors. Case-control study in a 15-bed intensive care unit (ICU). The study included 5 cases and 20 controls. Each case patient was matched to four contemporary controls according to gender, prior hospital(More)
We investigated a multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital in Greece over a 3-month period. Molecular typing of the outbreak isolates from 31 patients revealed that two distinct genotypes were involved. Nine isolates, belonging to both genotypes, were resistant to carbapenems. Samples(More)
The emergence of glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium (GREF) in a Greek intensive care unit was studied by amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis and esp gene detection. Three GREF clones harboring the esp gene were recovered from 17 out of 21 patients, indicating the dissemination of genetically homogenous and virulent strains of GREF.
Seventy-nine Klebsiella pneumoniae and 124 Escherichia coli clinical strains, isolated consecutively during August-October 2001 in two Greek hospitals, were examined for production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). Seventy-one (35%) isolates (46 K. pneumoniae and 25 E. coli) were ESBL-positive by phenotypic methods. Isoelectric focusing of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) are at a high risk of acquiring blood stream infections. We examined whether SOFA score on ICU admission and on the day of bacteremia can predict the occurrence of bacteremia and the outcome of bacteremic ICU patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients admitted to a multidisciplinary ICU for more(More)