Evan Shechter

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Lipid and protein segregations can be induced in E. coli cytoplasmic membranes by conformational transitions of their lipid hydrocarbon chains from a disordered to an ordered state. For E. coli strain K 1059 (an unsaturated fatty acid auxotroph) supplemented with linolenic acid, the segregation leads to large areas of membrane surfaces having distinctly(More)
PS2 is the S-layer protein of Corynebacterium glutamicum. The S-layer may be detached from the cell as organized sheets by detergents at room temperature. The solubilization of PS2 in the form of monomers requires detergent treatment at high temperature (70 degrees C), conditions under which the protein is denatured. Treatment of the cells with proteinase K(More)
Osmotic upshock of E. coli cells in NaCl or sucrose medium resulted in a large decrease in the cytoplasmic volume and the inhibition of growth, of the electron transfer chain and of four different types of sugar transport system: the lactose proton symport, the glucose phosphotransferase system, the binding-protein dependent maltose transport system and the(More)
The cell surface of Corynebacterium glutamicum grown on solid medium was totally covered with a highly ordered, hexagonal surface layer. Also, freeze-fracture revealed two fracture surfaces which were totally covered with ordered arrays displaying an hexagonal arrangement and the same unit cell dimension as the surface layer. The ordered arrays on the(More)
The fluorescence response of a positively charged cyanine dye: 3,3'-dimethylindodicarbocyanine iodide can be specifically related to the generation in Escherichia coli cells and E. coli membrane vesicles of an electrical membrane potential induced either by substrate oxidation or by an artificially imposed potassium diffusion gradient. The energy-dependent(More)
Corynebacterium glutamicum is used for the industrial production of glutamate. Excretion of the amino acid may be induced by various means. We have analyzed the characteristics of glutamate excretion induced by two amine surfactants, dodecylammonium acetate (DA) and dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTA). Addition of these surfactants induced an immediate(More)
We determine the kinetic parameters V and KT of lactose transport in Escherichia coli cells as a function of the electrical potential difference (delta psi) at pH 7.3 and delta pH = 0. We report that transport occurs simultaneously via two components: a component which exhibits a high KT (larger than 10 mM) and whose contribution is independent of delta(More)
Escherichia coli cells (unsaturated fatty acid auxotroph) have been adapted to grow on branched-chain fatty acids. Membrane vesicles were isolated from cells grown on a mixture of branched-chain fatty acids isolated from the lipids of Bacillus subtilis (E. coli (B. subtilis) membranes) and on a pure synthetic anti-isononadecanoic acid (E. coli (aC19)(More)