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Soils that naturally have a significant runoff component because of low permeability, such as claypans or steep slopes, are especially susceptible to herbicide losses in runoff. For these soils, seasonal losses as impacted by management practices are not well quantified. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of three cropping systems on(More)
Ammonia (NH3) volatilization is an undesirable mechanism for the removal of nitrogen (N) from wastewater treatment wetlands. To minimize the potential for NH3 volatilization, it is important to determine how wetland design affects NH3 volatilization. The objective of this research was to determine how the presence of a pond section affects NH3(More)
Climate change is predicted to increase both drought frequency and duration, and when coupled with substantial warming, will establish a new hydroclimatological model for many regions. Large-scale, warm droughts have recently occurred in North America, Africa, Europe, Amazonia and Australia, resulting in major effects on terrestrial ecosystems, carbon(More)
A comprehensive approach to achieving sustained crop productivity and profitability requires implementation of conservation systems that simultaneously consider soil and water quality. The objectives of this study were to: 1) assess long-term surface and groundwater quality in a conventionally managed field; 2) assess long-term changes in soil quality in a(More)
Variability in soil landscapes and their associated properties can have significant effects on erosion and deposition processes that affect runoff and transport of pesticides. Simulation models are one way in which the effects of landscapes on these processes can be assessed. This simulation study evaluated the effects of variations in landscape position on(More)
Increasingly, large–scale animal production occurs in confinement where large per–unit–area quantities of waste are generated. With the increased scale of production, new environment–friendly technologies are needed to deal with the waste. Constructed wetlands are considered an alternative treatment, but it is not known if volatilization of free ammonia(More)
Constructed wetlands designed and properly operated for treatment of swine wastewater may enhance oxidation -reduction processes and nutrient treatment performance. The objective of this investigation was to characterize soil wetland processes related to nitrogen (N) treatment (nitrification-denitrification) and phosphorus (P) removal using soil oxidation(More)
Long-term monitoring data from agricultural watersheds are needed to determine if efforts to reduce nutrient transport from crop and pasture land have been effective. Goodwater Creek Experimental Watershed (GCEW), located in northeastern Missouri, is a high-runoff-potential watershed dominated by claypan soils. The objectives of this study were to: (i)(More)
Social ties convey information through observations of others’ decisions as well as through conversations and the sharing of opinions. The resulting information flows play a role in a range of phenomena, including job search (Montgomery 1991), financial planning (Duflo and Saez 2003), product choice (Trusov et al. 2009), and voting (Beck et al. 2002).(More)