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Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic condition of increasing recognition and prevalence. In 2007, a consensus recommendation provided clinical and histopathologic guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of EoE; however, only a minority of physicians use the 2007 guidelines, which require fulfillment of both histologic and clinical(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastrointestinal (GI) diseases account for substantial morbidity, mortality, and cost. Statistical analyses of the most recent data are necessary to guide GI research, education, and clinical practice. We estimate the burden of GI disease in the United States. METHODS We collected information on the epidemiology of GI diseases (including(More)
Esophageal eosinophilia and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are increasingly recognized and prevalent conditions, which now represent common clinical problems encountered by gastroenterologists, pathologists, and allergists. The study of EoE has become a dynamic field with an evolving understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Although(More)
BACKGROUND Insufflation of the lumen is required for visualization during GI endoscopy. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) has been proposed as an alternative to room air for insufflation. OBJECTIVES To assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) insufflation for endoscopy. DESIGN Systematic review that focuses on evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCT). (More)
BACKGROUND EMR is commonly performed before radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for nodular dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE). OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of EMR before RFA for nodular BE with advanced neoplasia (high-grade dysplasia [HGD] or intramucosal carcinoma [IMC]). DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University of North Carolina(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The goal of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) is to eliminate dysplasia and metaplasia. The efficacy and safety of RFA for patients with BE and neoplasia are characterized incompletely. METHODS We performed a retrospective study of 244 patients treated with RFA for BE with dysplasia or intramucosal(More)
In this article, the epidemiology of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is reviewed. Demographic features and natural history are described, the prevalence and incidence of EoE are highlighted, and risk factors for EoE are discussed. EoE can occur at any age, there is a male predominance, it is more common in whites, and there is a strong association with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS After radiofrequency ablation (RFA), patients may experience recurrence of Barrett's esophagus (BE) after complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CEIM). Rates and predictors of recurrence after successful eradication have been poorly described. METHODS We used the US RFA Registry, a nationwide registry of BE patients receiving(More)
OBJECTIVES Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of Barrett's esophagus (BE) is safe and effective in eradicating dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia, and may reduce rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). We assessed rates of and risk factors for disease recurrence after successful treatment of BE with RFA. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study of(More)
We performed a randomized trial to compare nebulized and viscous topical corticosteroid treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Subjects with incident EoE (n = 25) received budesonide 1 mg twice daily, either nebulized and then swallowed (NEB) or as an oral viscous slurry (OVB), for 8 weeks. Baseline eosinophil counts for the NEB and OVB groups were(More)