Evan P. Nadler

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The enhanced metabolism of phosphoinositides, which is associated with a wide variety of stimuli and physiological responses, has been studied intensively. Berridge and his collaborators demonstrated that the first measurable reaction following cell membrane receptor activation is a rapid hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2),(More)
BACKGROUND Previous investigators have relied on administration of pro-inflammatory cytokines or invasive surgical procedures to reproduce the morphologic changes of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in rats. However, these artificial insults do not mimic the human disease. We developed a reproducible model of NEC in rats that more closely resembles human NEC(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Injuries that occur around the driveway are not typically regarded as reportable to the police and thus are often underrecognized. The aim of this study was to characterize the pattern and consequences of motor vehicle collisions that occur in the driveway. METHODS Over the past 13 years, 64 patients admitted to the Children's Hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity has been identified as one of the most important public health concerns in both children and adolescents. Unfortunately, even the most comprehensive and aggressive multidisciplinary weight management programs have shown only modest weight loss results. There has been increasing enthusiasm for bariatric surgery for adolescent patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent obesity continues to present one of the most difficult and important challenges for both the pediatric and adult medical communities. Evidence is mounting that bariatric surgery is the only reliable method for substantial and sustainable weight loss; however, the debate continues with regard to the optimal surgical procedure for both(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic splenectomy is being performed more commonly in children, although its advantages are not clear. We sought to determine whether laparoscopic splenectomy was superior to open splenectomy. METHODS The records of all pediatric patients undergoing splenectomy without significant comorbidities over a 12-year period were examined. The(More)
BACKGROUND Initial non-operative therapy for children with perforated appendicitis has become increasingly popular with the advent of powerful broad-spectrum antibiotics. However, there is no consensus regarding which patients may be managed effectively with this strategy. We reviewed all children with perforated appendicitis who were treated initially with(More)
Endotoxemia promotes gut barrier failure and bacterial translocation (BT) by upregulating inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the gut. We hypothesized that administration of a dithiocarbamate derivative, NOX, which scavenges nitric oxide (NO), may reduce intestinal injury and BT after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
Since the first description by Frantz in 1959 of a papillary cystic tumor of the pancreas, solid pseudopapillary tumors have been increasing in incidence. However, management of these lesions remains controversial. Patients under the age of 20 years more often undergo local excision than do their older counterparts, resulting in increased recurrence rates.(More)
INTRODUCTION Our previous work demonstrated that the transforming-growth factor (TGF) β pathway plays a central role in the liver fibrosis associated with experimental biliary atresia (BA). To confirm these findings in humans, we performed an in silico analysis of publicly available microarray data from liver specimens from children with BA, with the(More)