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Iron, an essential element for all cells of the body, including those of the brain, is transported bound to transferrin in the blood and the general extracellular fluid of the body. The demonstration of transferrin receptors on brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) more than 20 years ago provided the evidence for the now accepted view that the first(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of iron absorption by the intestine and its transfer to the main iron storage site, the liver, is poorly understood. Recently an iron carrier was cloned and named DMT1 (divalent metal transporter 1). AIMS To determine the level of DMT1 gene expression and protein distribution in duodenum and liver. METHODS A DMT1 cRNA and(More)
Transferrin (Tf) donates iron (Fe) to the brain by means of receptor-mediated endocytosis of Tf at the brain barriers. As Tf transport through the brain barriers is restricted, Fe is probably released into the brain extracellular compartment as non-Tf-bound iron (NTBI). To evaluate NTBI in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), different aged rats (P15,(More)
Brain iron transport and distributional pattern of divalent metal transporter I (DMT1) were studied in homozygous Belgrade rats (b/b) which suffer from a mutation in the DMT1 gene. In adult rats, brain uptake of transferrin-bound iron injected intravenously (i.v.) was significantly lower compared with that in heterozygous Belgrade (+/b) and Wistar rats,(More)
Homozygous Belgrade rats have a hypochromic anaemia due to impaired iron transport across the cell membrane of immature erythroid cells. This study aimed at investigating whether there are also abnormalities of Mn metabolism in erythroid and other types of cells. The experiments were performed with homozygous (b/b) and heterozygous (+/b) Belgrade rats and(More)
1. Iron (Fe) is an essential component of virtually all types of cells and organisms. In plasma and interstitial fluids, Fe is carried by transferrin. Iron-containing transferrin has a high affinity for the transferrin receptor, which is present on all cells with a requirement for Fe. The degree of expression of transferrin receptors on most types of cells(More)
Neurons need iron, which is reflected in their expression of the transferrin receptor. The concurrent expression of the ferrous iron transporter, divalent metal transporter I (DMT1), in neurons suggests that the internalization of transferrin is followed by detachment of iron within recycling endosomes and transport into the cytosol via DMT1. To enable(More)
Iron and transferrin uptake into the brain, CSF and choroid plexus, and albumin uptake into the CSF and choroid plexus, were determined after the intravenous injection of [59Fe-125I]transferrin and [131I]albumin into control rats aged 15, 21 and 63 days and 21-day iron-deficient rats. Iron uptake by the brain was unidirectional, greatly exceeded that of(More)
Managanese (Mn) is an essential trace element at low concentrations, but at higher concentrations is neurotoxic. It has several chemical and biochemical properties similar to iron (Fe), and there is evidence of metabolic interaction between the two metals, particularly at the level of absorption from the intestine. The aim of this investigation was to(More)
Twenty patients with diffuse interstitial pulmonary disease diagnosed by open lung biopsy received combined prednisone/azathioprine therapy. Twelve patients demonstrated improvement with therapy. Each patient's clinical presentation, roentgenologic features and pathologic findings were correlated with their therapeutic response. Patients with an illness of(More)