Evan J. C. Lee

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BACKGROUND Clinical practice guidelines recommend using equations for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) management and research. The MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease) Study and CKD-EPI (CKD Epidemiology Collaboration) equations originally were derived from a North American population and had an ethnic(More)
The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Singapore is high and projected to increase sharply due to the aging population and the high prevalence of diabetes. The number of patients treated with dialysis was projected to rise from 2633 in 1999 to nearly 6000 in the year 2010. The cost of dialysis provision was estimated to increase 2.5-fold from(More)
AIM The Chronic Kidney Disease Collaboration - Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) glomerular filtration rates (GFR) estimation equation is believed to estimate GFR more accurately in healthy people but this has not been validated in Asians. We studied the distribution of GFR in a multi-ethnic Asian population without CKD, and compared the performance of measures of GFR(More)
BACKGROUND The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation is most accurate for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) but requires an adjustment for African-American patients. Estimation equations are also improved with the use of serum cystatin C combined with standardized creatinine. Combination equations have been derived(More)
BACKGROUND Patients present to the National University Hospital of Singapore and select one of several health screening packages after counselling. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in this population when different glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimating equations are used has not been examined. METHODS Demographic data and urinalyses of(More)
INTRODUCTION Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related infections due to rapidly growing nontuberculous mycobacterium (RGNTM) are rare in Asians and have variable clinical outcomes. METHODS We analysed retrospectively a series of RGNTM infections in a single-centre multi-ethnic Asian population over a 5-year period. Clinical features, treatment, risk factors and(More)
INTRODUCTION This is a report of a clinical trial on the therapeutic efficacy and safety of combined aliskiren and losartan (an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)) versus aliskiren alone and ARB alone in non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) over a 3-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a randomised trial in 155 patients with non-diabetic(More)
INTRODUCTION The increasing prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an important public health issue due to the high costs of kidney replacement therapies. We examined the impact of ethnicity and other factors in ESRD management and hospitalisation in a multiracial Asian population in the fi rst year after diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
The Japanese Society of Nephrology (JSN) sponsored the Asian Forum of CKD Initiative (AFCKDI) 2007 with the support of the International Society of Nephrology-Commission for Global Advancement in Nephrology (ISN-COMGAN), Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology (APSN), the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) and other national societies of(More)