Evan Barr-Beare

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BACKGROUND The role of calcium oxalate crystals and deposits in UTI pathogenesis has not been established. The objectives of this study were to identify bacteria present in pediatric urolithiasis and, using in vitro and in vivo models, to determine the relevance of calcium oxalate deposits during experimental pyelonephritis. METHODS Pediatric kidney(More)
Carbonic anhydrase 2 regulates acid-base homeostasis, and recent findings have indicated a correlation between cellular control of acid-base status and the innate defense of the kidney. Mice deficient in carbonic anhydrase 2 (Car2(-/-) mice) have metabolic acidosis, impaired urine acidification, and are deficient in normal intercalated cells. The objective(More)
The contribution of genetic variation to urinary tract infection (UTI) risk in children with vesicoureteral reflux is largely unknown. The innate immune system, which includes antimicrobial peptides, such as the α-defensins, encoded by DEFA1A3, is important in preventing UTIs but has not been investigated in the vesicoureteral reflux population. We used(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if nephrolithiasis-associated atherosclerosis has pediatric origins and to consider possible association between kidney stones and atherosclerosis-related proteins. STUDY DESIGN We matched children aged 12-17 years with kidney stones and without kidney stones. Carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) was measured by ultrasound.(More)
Urinary stone disease (USD) is increasing in adult and pediatric populations. Adult and pediatric studies have demonstrated decreased bone mineral density and increased fracture rates. USD has also been independently linked to increased rates of myocardial infarction and cerebral vascular accidents. Although USD is a multisystem disorder involving the(More)
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