Evan Alexander Thomas

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Two novel mutations (R85C and R85H) on the extracellular immunoglobulin-like domain of the sodium channel beta1 subunit have been identified in individuals from two families with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+). The functional consequences of these two mutations were determined by co-expression of the human brain NaV1.2 alpha subunit(More)
Seizure susceptibility is high in human infants compared to adults, presumably because of developmentally regulated changes in neural excitability. Benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS), characterized by both early onset and remission, are caused by mutations in the gene encoding a human sodium channel (NaV1.2). We analyzed neonatal and adult(More)
After a meal, the gastrointestinal tract exhibits a set of behaviours known as the fed state. A major feature of the fed state is a little understood motor pattern known as segmentation, which is essential for digestion and nutrient absorption. Segmentation manifests as rhythmic local constrictions that do not propagate along the intestine. In guinea-pig(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) may induce uncontrolled firing in recurrent networks of secretomotor neurons in the submucous plexus. This hypothesis was tested in chloralose-anesthetized rats in vivo. The secretory reflex response to graded intestinal distension was measured with or without prior exposure to luminal CT. The transmural potential difference (PD) was used(More)
Many idiopathic epilepsy syndromes have a characteristic age dependence, the underlying molecular mechanisms of which are largely unknown. Here we propose a mechanism that can explain that epileptic spells in benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures occur almost exclusively during the first days to months of life. Benign familial neonatal-infantile(More)
OBJECTIVE To use computer simulation to perform a "genetic sensitivity" analysis to predict which genes are best positioned to increase risk as well as to predict functionally how variants in these genes might increase network excitability. METHODS A previously published, biophysically realistic model of the dentate gyrus that included mossy fiber(More)
A functional role for the M2 muscarinic receptor in smooth muscle contraction was investigated in isolated guinea pig ileum. Contractile responses to the muscarinic agonist oxotremorine-M (oxo-M) were measured in isolated ilea that had been pretreated with histamine (0.32 microM) and isoproterenol (0.64 microM) to achieve conditions of elevated cAMP. The(More)
The genetic architecture of common epilepsies is largely unknown. HCNs are excellent epilepsy candidate genes because of their fundamental neurophysiological roles. Screening in subjects with febrile seizures and genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus revealed that 2.4% carried a common triple proline deletion (delPPP) in HCN2 that was seen in only(More)
OBJECTIVE A number of hypotheses have been put forward as to why humans respond to fever by seizing. The current leading hypotheses are that respiratory alkalosis produces an as yet unidentified change in neural excitability or that inflammatory mediators potentiate excitatory synaptic transmission. However, it is well known that ion channel gating rates(More)
Mutations in Na+ channels cause a variety of epilepsy syndromes. Analysis of these mutations shows a range of simultaneous functional consequences, each of which may increase or decrease membrane excitability, making it difficult to predict the combined effect on neuron firing. This may be addressed by building mathematical models of Na+ channel gating and(More)