Evan A. Thomas

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Many idiopathic epilepsy syndromes have a characteristic age dependence, the underlying molecular mechanisms of which are largely unknown. Here we propose a mechanism that can explain that epileptic spells in benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures occur almost exclusively during the first days to months of life. Benign familial neonatal-infantile(More)
OBJECTIVE A number of hypotheses have been put forward as to why humans respond to fever by seizing. The current leading hypotheses are that respiratory alkalosis produces an as yet unidentified change in neural excitability or that inflammatory mediators potentiate excitatory synaptic transmission. However, it is well known that ion channel gating rates(More)
OBJECTIVE To use computer simulation to perform a "genetic sensitivity" analysis to predict which genes are best positioned to increase risk as well as to predict functionally how variants in these genes might increase network excitability. METHODS A previously published, biophysically realistic model of the dentate gyrus that included mossy fiber(More)
The genetic architecture of common epilepsies is largely unknown. HCNs are excellent epilepsy candidate genes because of their fundamental neurophysiological roles. Screening in subjects with febrile seizures and genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus revealed that 2.4% carried a common triple proline deletion (delPPP) in HCN2 that was seen in only(More)
Seizure susceptibility is high in human infants compared to adults, presumably because of developmentally regulated changes in neural excitability. Benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS), characterized by both early onset and remission, are caused by mutations in the gene encoding a human sodium channel (NaV1.2). We analyzed neonatal and adult(More)
A novel form of neuronal plasticity, occurring at the axon initial segment (AIS), has recently been described. Lengthening of the AIS and movement away from the soma are consequences of changes in neuronal input and result in alterations in neuronal excitability. We hypothesised that AIS plasticity may play a role in epilepsy, due to chronic changes in(More)
PURPOSE Idiopathic epilepsy is caused by the complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to use computational approaches to explore the interaction between changes in sodium channel availability caused by mutations and mossy fiber sprouting. METHODS We used a previously published biophysically realistic computer(More)
Segmentation in the guinea pig small intestine consists of a number of discrete motor patterns including rhythmic stationary contractions that occur episodically at specific locations along the intestine. The enteric nervous system regulates segmentation, but the exact circuit is unknown. Using simple computer models, we investigated possible circuits. Our(More)
Secretomotor neurons, immunoreactive for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), are important in controlling chloride secretion in the small intestine. These neurons form functional synapses with other submucosal VIP neurons and transmit via slow excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs). Thus they form a recurrent network with positive feedback. Intrinsic(More)
1. The enteric nervous system (ENS) is present in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract and contains all the functional classes of neuron required for complete reflex arcs. One of the most important and intriguing classes of neuron is that responsive to sensory stimuli: sensory neurons with cell bodies intrinsic to the ENS. 2. These neurons have three(More)