Evan A. Thomas

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Two novel mutations (R85C and R85H) on the extracellular immunoglobulin-like domain of the sodium channel beta1 subunit have been identified in individuals from two families with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+). The functional consequences of these two mutations were determined by co-expression of the human brain NaV1.2 alpha subunit(More)
A novel form of neuronal plasticity, occurring at the axon initial segment (AIS), has recently been described. Lengthening of the AIS and movement away from the soma are consequences of changes in neuronal input and result in alterations in neuronal excitability. We hypothesised that AIS plasticity may play a role in epilepsy, due to chronic changes in(More)
Recurrent networks of neurons communicating via excitatory connections are common in the nervous system. In the absence of mechanisms to control firing (collectively termed negative feedback), these networks are likely to be bistable and unable to meaningfully encode input signals. In most recurrent circuits, negative feedback is provided by a specialized(More)
Mutations in Na+ channels cause a variety of epilepsy syndromes. Analysis of these mutations shows a range of simultaneous functional consequences, each of which may increase or decrease membrane excitability, making it difficult to predict the combined effect on neuron firing. This may be addressed by building mathematical models of Na+ channel gating and(More)
Many idiopathic epilepsy syndromes have a characteristic age dependence, the underlying molecular mechanisms of which are largely unknown. Here we propose a mechanism that can explain that epileptic spells in benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures occur almost exclusively during the first days to months of life. Benign familial neonatal-infantile(More)
After a meal, the gastrointestinal tract exhibits a set of behaviours known as the fed state. A major feature of the fed state is a little understood motor pattern known as segmentation, which is essential for digestion and nutrient absorption. Segmentation manifests as rhythmic local constrictions that do not propagate along the intestine. In guinea-pig(More)
The genetic architecture of common epilepsies is largely unknown. HCNs are excellent epilepsy candidate genes because of their fundamental neurophysiological roles. Screening in subjects with febrile seizures and genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus revealed that 2.4% carried a common triple proline deletion (delPPP) in HCN2 that was seen in only(More)
Small intestinal movements depend on the composition of the chyme with mixing predominating at high nutrient levels and propulsion being prevalent at low nutrient levels. The mechanisms coupling nutrients to motility are unknown. We used computer analysis of video recordings of isolated guinea-pig duodenum, jejunum and ileum to examine movements induced by(More)
The simulation of biologically realistic neural networks requires the numerical solution of very large systems of differential equations. Variables within the system can be changing at rates that vary by orders of magnitude, not only at different times of the solution, but at the same time in different parts of the network. Therefore, an efficient(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) may induce uncontrolled firing in recurrent networks of secretomotor neurons in the submucous plexus. This hypothesis was tested in chloralose-anesthetized rats in vivo. The secretory reflex response to graded intestinal distension was measured with or without prior exposure to luminal CT. The transmural potential difference (PD) was used(More)