Eva Vrublová

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The metabolism of the benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids was studied using human hepatocytes which are an excellent model system for biotransformation studies. For analysis of the alkaloids and their metabolites, an electrospray quadrupole ion-trap mass spectrometry (ESI ion-trap MS) connected to a reversed phase chromatographic system based on cyanopropyl(More)
Microdialysis has been utilized for nutritive blood flow measurements, but both the advantages and disadvantages of various approaches have not been evaluated in parallel in the stomach yet. Our aim was to compare the (3)H(2)O efflux technique with biochemical monitoring during temporary celiac artery occlusion in anesthetized rats. Microdialysis probes(More)
The vitamin E analogue alpha-tocopheryl succinate (alpha-TOS) is an efficient anti-cancer drug. Improved efficacy was achieved through the synthesis of alpha-tocopheryl maleamide (alpha-TAM), an esterase-resistant analogue of alpha-tocopheryl maleate. In vitro tests demonstrated significantly higher cytotoxicity of alpha-TAM towards cancer cells (MCF-7,(More)
Polyphenolic compounds occurring in hop extracts and their phases I and II metabolites formed during in vivo rat biotransformation have been analyzed using HPLC/MS/MS with electrospray ionization (ESI). Two main groups of polyphenolics are present in the hops, i.e., xanthohumol related compounds and so called alpha- and beta-bitter acids (humulones and(More)
The isoquinoline alkaloids protopine and allocryptopine are present in phytopreparations from medicinal plants, such as Fumaria officinalis. Since nothing is known about effects of the alkaloids on the expression of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, we examined whether protopine or allocryptopine affect the expression of cytochromes P450 (CYPs) 1A1 and 1A2(More)
The alkaloids of Macleaya cordata (Papaveracae) are active components of the phytogenic feed additive Sangrovit. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Sangrovit on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis using rats as an experimental model. Thirty-five male rats were randomly assigned to a control group (Group 1, n = 5), a(More)
Macleaya cordata (Willd.) (Papaveraceae) is used as an active component in the natural feed additive Sangrovit. Sangrovit contains mixture of the intact aerial parts and the fraction of quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids from M. cordata (FQBA). In a 90-day pilot toxicity trial, Sangrovit and the FQBA were tested for safety. Male Wistar rats were(More)
The quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid sanguinarine (SG) is the main component of Sangrovit, a natural livestock feed additive. Dihydrosanguinarine (DHSG) has recently been identified as a SG metabolite in rat. The conversion of SG to DHSG is a likely elimination pathway of SG in mammals. This study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of DHSG in(More)
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