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Schwannomatosis is characterized by the development of multiple non-vestibular, non-intradermal schwannomas. Constitutional inactivating variants in two genes, SMARCB1 and, very recently, LZTR1, have been reported. We performed exome sequencing of 13 schwannomatosis patients from 11 families without SMARCB1 deleterious variants. We identified four(More)
Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is a frequent cause of end-stage renal failure. Identification of single-gene causes of SRNS has generated some insights into its pathogenesis; however, additional genes and disease mechanisms remain obscure, and SRNS continues to be treatment refractory. Here we have identified 6 different mutations in coenzyme(More)
Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q(10) or CoQ(10)) is a lipid-soluble component of virtually all cell membranes, where it functions as a mobile electron and proton carrier. CoQ(10) deficiency is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and has been associated with three main clinical phenotypes: a predominantly myopathic form with central nervous system involvement,(More)
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a complex congenital syndrome caused by a monoallelic deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4. Seizures in WHS have been associated with deletion of LETM1 gene. LETM1 encodes for the human homologue of yeast Mdm38p, a mitochondria-shaping protein of unclear function. Here we show that human LETM1 is located in the inner(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD) are hypomyelinating disorders of the central nervous system with a very similar phenotype. PMD is an X-linked disorder caused by mutations in PLP1. PMLD is an autosomal recessive condition caused by mutations in GJA12. We report a 5-year-old girl with a complex neurological(More)
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tRNA genes can be considered functionally recessive because they result in a clinical or biochemical phenotype only when the percentage of mutant molecules exceeds a critical threshold value, in the range of 70-90%. We report a novel mtDNA mutation that contradicts this rule, since it caused a severe multisystem(More)
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) deficiency has been associated with an increasing number of clinical phenotypes that respond to CoQ(10) supplementation. In two siblings with encephalomyopathy, nephropathy and severe CoQ(10) deficiency, a homozygous mutation was identified in the CoQ(10) biosynthesis gene COQ2, encoding polyprenyl-pHB transferase. To confirm the(More)
The 621+3 A>G variant of the CFTR gene was initially detected in four Greek patients with a severe form of cystic fibrosis, and it is reported to impair CFTR mRNA splicing. We present three lines of evidence that argue against the pathogenicity of this variant. First, its allelic frequency in the Italian population was 0.4%. Even considering the lowest(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is a vital component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. A number of patients with CoQ deficiency presented with different clinical phenotypes, often affecting skeletal muscle, and responded well to CoQ supplementation. We discuss recent advances in this field with special attention to muscle involvement. RECENT(More)
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) deficiency has been associated with an increasing number of clinical phenotypes. Whereas primary CoQ(10) defects are related to mutations in ubiquinone biosynthetic genes, which are now being unraveled, and respond well to CoQ(10) supplementation, the etiologies, and clinical phenotypes related to secondary deficiencies are largely(More)