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Dense deposit disease (DDD) is a severe renal disease characterized by accumulation of electron-dense material in the mesangium and glomerular basement membrane. Previously, DDD has been associated with deficiency of factor H (fH), a plasma regulator of the alternative pathway (AP) of complement activation, and studies in animal models have linked(More)
Pontin and reptin belong to the AAA+ family, and they are essential for the structural integrity and catalytic activity of several chromatin remodeling complexes. They are also indispensable for the assembly of several ribonucleoprotein complexes, including telomerase. Here, we propose a structural model of the yeast pontin/reptin complex based on a(More)
The influenza virus polymerase is formed by the PB1, PB2 and PA subunits and is required for virus transcription and replication in the nucleus of infected cells. Here we present the characterisation of the complexes formed intracellularly by the influenza polymerase in human cells. The virus polymerase was expressed by cotransfection of the polymerase(More)
The 3D structure of the influenza virus polymerase complex was determined by electron microscopy and image processing of recombinant ribonucleoproteins (RNPs). The RNPs were generated by in vivo amplification using cDNAs of the three polymerase subunits, the nucleoprotein, and a model virus-associated RNA containing 248 nt. The polymerase structure obtained(More)
Generation of the alternative pathway C3-convertase, the central amplification enzyme of the complement cascade, initiates by the binding of factor B (fB) to C3b to form the proconvertase, C3bB. C3bB is subsequently cleaved by factor D (fD) at a single site in fB, producing Ba and Bb fragments. Ba dissociates from the complex, while Bb remains bound to C3b,(More)
The genome of influenza A virus is organized into eight ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs), each containing one RNA polymerase complex. This RNA polymerase has also been found non-associated to RNPs and is possibly involved in distinct functions in the infection cycle. We have expressed the virus RNA polymerase complex by co-tranfection of the PB1, PB2 and(More)
Complement factor B (fB) circulates in plasma as a proenzyme that, upon binding to C3b in the presence of Mg(2+), is cleaved by factor D to produce Ba and Bb fragments. Activated Bb remains bound to C3b organizing the alternative pathway C3 convertase (C3bBb). Recently, we have visualized the stable C3bB(Ni(2+)) proconvertase using electron microscopy,(More)
Most available structures of amyloids correspond to peptide fragments that self-assemble in extended cross β sheets. However, structures in which a whole protein domain acts as building block of an amyloid fiber are scarce, in spite of their relevance to understand amyloidogenesis. Here, we use electron microscopy (EM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to(More)
The first step of nitrogen assimilation in higher plants, the energy-driven incorporation of ammonia into glutamate, is catalyzed by glutamine synthetase. This central process yields the readily metabolizable glutamine, which in turn is at the basis of all subsequent biosynthesis of nitrogenous compounds. The essential role performed by glutamine synthetase(More)
The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a bacterial macromolecular machine widely distributed in Gram-negative bacteria, which transports effector proteins into eukaryotic host cells or other bacteria. Membrane complexes and a central tubular structure, which resembles the tail of contractile bacteriophages, compose the T6SS. One of the proteins forming this(More)