The genome of influenza A virus is organized into eight ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs), each containing one RNA polymerase complex. This RNA polymerase has also been found non-associated to RNPs and is possibly involved in distinct functions in the infection cycle. We have expressed the virus RNA polymerase complex by co-tranfection of the PB1, PB2 and… (More)
The first step of nitrogen assimilation in higher plants, the energy-driven incorporation of ammonia into glutamate, is catalyzed by glutamine synthetase. This central process yields the readily metabolizable glutamine, which in turn is at the basis of all subsequent biosynthesis of nitrogenous compounds. The essential role performed by glutamine synthetase… (More)
The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a bacterial macromolecular machine widely distributed in Gram-negative bacteria, which transports effector proteins into eukaryotic host cells or other bacteria. Membrane complexes and a central tubular structure, which resembles the tail of contractile bacteriophages, compose the T6SS. One of the proteins forming this… (More)
Cell growth requires synthesis of ribosomal RNA by RNA polymerase I (Pol I). Binding of initiation factor Rrn3 activates Pol I, fostering recruitment to ribosomal DNA promoters. This fundamental process must be precisely regulated to satisfy cell needs at any time. We present in vivo evidence that, when growth is arrested by nutrient deprivation, cells… (More)
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Dysregulation of the complement alternative pathway can cause disease in various organs that may be life-threatening. Severe alternative pathway dysregulation can be triggered by autoantibodies to the C3 convertase, termed nephritic factors, which cause pathological stabilization of the convertase enzyme and confer resistance to innate control mechanisms;… (More)