Eva Stefanski

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The bacterial tripeptide formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) induces the secretion of enzyme(s) with phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity from human neutrophils. We show that circulating human neutrophils express groups V and X sPLA(2) (GV and GX sPLA(2)) mRNA and contain GV and GX sPLA(2) proteins, whereas GIB, GIIA, GIID, GIIE, GIIF, GIII, and GXII sPLA(2)s are(More)
Multifactorial interaction among lipoproteins, vascular wall cells, and inflammatory mediators has been recognized as the basis of atherogenesis. In the arterial wall high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and human secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) colocalize with vascular smooth muscle cells and concentrate in the atherosclerotic lesions. It has been shown that(More)
Group IIa phospholipase A(2) (GIIa PLA(2)) is released by some cells in response to interleukin-1beta. The purpose of this study was to determine whether interleukin-1beta would stimulate the synthesis and release of GIIa PLA(2) from cardiomyocytes, and to define the role of p38 MAPK and cytosolic PLA(2) in the regulation of this process. Whereas GIIa(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity has now been identified in rheumatoid synovial fluids. This PLA2 is a calcium-requiring protein of MW 11,000 with a neutral pH optimum. Its activity was inhibited by high concentrations of Mg2+, and by the active site-directed histidine reagent p-bromophenacyl bromide. Ionic and nonionic detergents, or the sulfhydryl reagent(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity was found in the sera and synovial fluids (SF) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). PLA2 activity in RA SF was 6158 +/- 549 (SEM) U/ml (n = 48) and in RA sera 554 +/- 175 U/ml (normal sera-115 +/- 12 U/ml). In OA SF PLA2 activity was 5069 +/- 542 U/ml (n = 28), and in OA sera 268 +/- 55 U/ml. There was no(More)
The role of a cytosolic phospholipase A(2)-alpha (cPLA(2)-alpha) in neutrophil arachidonic acid release, platelet-activating factor (PAF) biosynthesis, NADPH oxidase activation, and bacterial killing in vitro, and the innate immune response to bacterial infection in vivo was examined. cPLA(2)-alpha activity was blocked with the specific cPLA(2)-alpha(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in delayed prostaglandin biosynthesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of the MAP kinase kinase 6 (MKK6)-p38 MAPK signaling cascade in the regulation of myocardial COX-2 gene expression, in vitro and in vivo. RT-PCR analysis identified p38alpha and p38beta2 MAPK mRNA in rat cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE Tetracyclines have been recognized as useful agents for therapy of inflammatory arthritides. However, prolonged use of tetracyclines is limited by their detrimental antimicrobial properties. Recently, a group of chemically modified tetracyclines (CMT) devoid of antimicrobial properties has been synthesized. Some CMT were found to inhibit various(More)
Circulating phospholipase A2 (PLA2) has been recognized as a mediator of circulatory collapse in experimental endotoxic shock. To assess the role of serum PLA2 in septic shock in man, we determined serum PLA2 profiles in a prospective study in 12 patients with septic shock. During the hypotensive phase of sepsis, serum PLA2 levels were consistently elevated(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 increases the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Microsomal prostaglandin (PG) E(2) synthase-1 (mPGES-1), encoded by the Ptges gene, functions downstream from cyclooxygenase-2 in the inducible PGE(2) biosynthetic pathway. We caused acute MI in Ptges(+/+) and Ptges(-/-) mice to define the(More)