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The prevalence of substance use disorders (SUD) and aspects of the help-seeking process among a high-risk sample of 946 students at one large public university were assessed in personal interviews during the first 3 years of college. After statistically adjusting for purposive sampling, an estimated 46.8%(wt) of all third-year students met Diagnostic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of sublingual lobeline sulfate for smoking cessation. METHODS A multicenter (3 sites), double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled, phase 3 smoking cessation trial of sublingual formulation of lobeline sulfate. A total of 750 smokers (250 per site) were randomized to either treatment (lobeline sulfate) or(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish reliability/validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire (GN-SBQ). METHODS The GN-SBQ and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) were completed by 100 smokers. The number of cigarettes smoked, smoking duration, and craving were obtained. RESULTS The GN-SBQ was internally consistent (Cronbach α =(More)
OBJECTIVE To gain an understanding of the psychosocial and environmental influences on waterpipe smoking among college students. Participants were 49 university students who were regular waterpipe smokers. METHODS A series of in-depth, in-person, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted. RESULTS It was a common belief that wa- ter in the(More)
BACKGROUND Noncigarette tobacco products are evolving rapidly, with increasing popularity in the United States. METHODS We present prevalence estimates for 12 types of tobacco products, using data from 45,971 adult and youth participants (≥12 years of age) from Wave 1 (September 2013 through December 2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking has been identified in observational studies as a risk factor for bacterial vaginosis (BV), a condition defined in part by decimation of Lactobacillus spp. The anti-estrogenic effect of smoking and trace amounts of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) may predispose women to BV. BPDE increases bacteriophage induction in Lactobacillus spp.(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an instrument that measures the social context of hookah use among college students. PARTICIPANTS A pool of 50 potential items, based on 44 in-depth interviews with regular college hookah smokers, was administered to a sample of 274 hookah users between October and December 2011. METHODS Participants were approached in hookah bars(More)
OBJECTIVES In recent decades, the United States has seen dramatic reductions in cigarette smoking. In contrast, other tobacco products (OTPs) have increased in popularity, particularly electronic cigarettes. The availability of new OTPs also has led to the use of multiple tobacco products that includes combustible cigarettes (poly-use). This study examines(More)
Introduction The U.S. cigar market is diverse, yet until recently most research studies and tobacco surveillance systems have not reported behavioral and related outcomes by cigar type. Methods The 2013-14 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study collected data separately for filtered cigars (FCs), cigarillos and traditional cigars, which were(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined intra-individual variability in puff topography and CO measures collected during laboratory waterpipe (WP) tobacco smoking using a research-grade waterpipe (RWP). METHODS WP smoking topography and exhaled CO measures were obtained from 10 established WP smokers in a single-blind, crossover design. Using a previously validated RWP,(More)
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