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Heterotrimeric G-protein activation by a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) requires the propagation of structural signals from the receptor-interacting surfaces to the guanine nucleotide-binding pocket. To probe conformational changes in the G-protein alpha-subunit (G(alpha)) associated with activated GPCR (R*) interactions and guanine nucleotide exchange,(More)
Heterotrimeric G-protein activation by an agonist-stimulated G-protein coupled receptor (R*) requires the propagation of structural signals from the receptor interacting surfaces to the guanine nucleotide-binding pocket. Employing high-resolution NMR methods, we are probing heterotrimer-associated and rhodopsin-stimulated changes in an isotope-labeled(More)
Naturally occurring point mutations in the opsin gene cause the retinal diseases retinitis pigmentosa and congenital night blindness. Although these diseases involve similar mutations in very close locations in rhodopsin, their progression is very different, with retinitis pigmentosa being severe and causing retinal degeneration. We report on the expression(More)
Detergent-solubilized bovine rhodopsin produces mixed detergent/lipid/protein micelles. The effect of dodecyl maltoside detergent on the thermal stability of dark-state rhodopsin, and upon formation of the different intermediates after rhodopsin photobleaching (metarhodopsin II and metarhodopsin III), and upon transducin activation has been studied. No(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are a widespread family of transmembrane receptors with different physiologically relevant functions. Alterations in the structure and function of these receptors at different levels (ligand binding, signaling and trafficking) may result in a number of pathological conditions which represent a major health problem.(More)
No single molecular mechanism accounts for the effect of mutations in rhodopsin associated with retinitis pigmentosa. Here we report on the specific effect of a Ca2+/recoverin upon phosphorylation of the autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa R135L rhodopsin mutant. This mutant shows specific features like impaired G-protein signaling but enhanced(More)
The present work reports on a structural analysis carried out through different computer simulations of a set of rhodopsin mutants with differential functional features in regard to the wild type. Most of these mutants, whose experimental features had previously been reported [Ramon et al. J Biol Chem 282, 14272-14282 (2007)], were designed to perturb a(More)
The retina of vertebrates contains two kinds of photoreceptor cells, rods and cones, which contain their specific visual pigments that are responsible for scotopic and photopic vision, respectively. In cone photoreceptor cells, there are three types of color pigments: blue, green and red, each with a distinctive absorption maximum. The goal of this(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor and galanin receptor 1 belong to the G protein-coupled receptors superfamily, and they have been described to heterodimerize triggering an anomalous physiological state that would underlie depression. Zinc supplementation has been widely reported to improve treatment against major depressive disorder. Our work has focused on(More)
11-cis-retinal acts as an inverse agonist stabilizing the inactive conformation of visual pigments, and upon photoactivation, it isomerizes to all-trans-retinal, initiating signal transduction. We have analyzed opsin regeneration with retinal analogs for rhodopsin and red cone opsin. We find differential binding of the analogs to the receptors after(More)