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BACKGROUND Pedomorphism is the retention of ancestrally juvenile traits by adults in a descendant taxon. Despite its importance for evolutionary change, there are few examples of a molecular basis for this phenomenon. Notothenioids represent one of the best described species flocks among marine fishes, but their diversity is currently threatened by the(More)
Pleuragramma antarcticum is the dominant pelagic fish in the waters of the continental shelf in high Antarctic regions, where it plays a key role in the food web. A nursery ground for eggs of this species was first identified in 2002 in Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea), where eggs were found trapped in ice platelets under the sea-ice during the spring. As part of(More)
Visual observations and videos of Chionodraco hamatus icefish at the "Acquario di Genova" and histological analyses of congeneric species C. hamatus and C. rastrospinosus adults sampled in the field provided new anatomical and behavioral information on the reproductive biology of these white blooded species that are endemic to the High-Antarctic region.(More)
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is an important natural resource for northern societies and is now also considered to be a promising candidate for aquaculture. In recent years, much effort has been directed towards the development of genomic tools, and genome initiatives for Atlantic cod have been established. Despite the growing attention devoted to the(More)
Sequencing genomes of model organisms is a great challenge for biological sciences. In the past decade, scientists have developed a large number of methods to align and compare sequenced genomes. The analysis of a given sequence provides much information on the genome structure but to a lesser extent on the function. Comparative genomics are a useful tool(More)
This mini-review makes a survey and a summary of some major issues concerning the chromosomal organisation of ribosomal genes in fish genomes, by using Notothenioidei as the model. The increasing body of information, published during the last two decades on the chromosomal mapping of the two ribosomal genes classes (45S rDNA and 5S rDNA) in notothenioids,(More)
To investigate the genomic architecture underlying the quintessential adaptive phenotype, antifreeze glycoprotein (AFGP) that enables Antarctic notothenioid survival in the frigid Southern Ocean, we isolated the AFGP genomic locus from a bacterial artificial chromosome library for Dissostichus mawsoni. Through extensive shotgun sequencing of pertinent(More)
In fish, the determination of sex can be controlled by genetic factors, environmental factors or a combination of both. The presence of heteromorphic sex-related chromosomes is widely acknowledged as strongly indicative of genetic control of sex determination (GSD) acting over other sex control systems. Heteromorphic sex-related chromosomes have been(More)
A biotinylated 28S rDNA probe was prepared from the genomic DNA of the Antarctic ice-fish Champsocephalus gunnari and hybridized to metaphase chromosomes of the same species by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The hybridization signal appeared over the whole heterochromatic arm of the submetacentric chromosomes bearing the nucleolar organizer(More)
Two genes, that is, 5S ribosomal sequences and antifreeze glycoprotein (AFGP) genes, were mapped onto chromosomes of eight Antarctic notothenioid fish possessing a X1X1X2X2/X1X2Y sex chromosome system, namely, Chionodraco hamatus and Pagetopsis macropterus (family Channichthyidae), Trematomus hansoni, T. newnesi, T. nicolai, T. lepidorhinus, and Pagothenia(More)