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Pedomorphism is the retention of ancestrally juvenile traits by adults in a descendant taxon. Despite its importance for evolutionary change, there are few examples of a molecular basis for this phenomenon. Notothenioids represent one of the best described species flocks among marine fishes, but their diversity is currently threatened by the rapidly(More)
Pleuragramma antarcticum is the dominant pelagic fish in the waters of the continental shelf in high Antarctic regions, where it plays a key role in the food web. A nursery ground for eggs of this species was first identified in 2002 in Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea), where eggs were found trapped in ice platelets under the sea-ice during the spring. As part of(More)
A biotinylated 28S rDNA probe was prepared from the genomic DNA of the Antarctic ice-fishChampsocephalus gunnari and hybridized to metaphase chromosomes of the same species by fluorescencein situ hybridization (FISH). The hybridization signal appeared over the whole heterochromatic arm of the submetacentric chromosomes bearing the nucleolar organizer(More)
We have studied the chromosomes of 11 of the 15 known species of the notothenioid family Channichthyidae, the specialized whiteblooded Teleosts endemic to the Southern Ocean (ice-fishes). In the female sex, all studied species have the same diploid number of forty eight mostly acrocentric (uniarmed) chromosomes; however there is an interspecific variability(More)
This mini-review makes a survey and a summary of some major issues concerning the chromosomal organisation of ribosomal genes in fish genomes, by using Notothenioidei as the model. The increasing body of information, published during the last two decades on the chromosomal mapping of the two ribosomal genes classes (45S rDNA and 5S rDNA) in notothenioids,(More)
Comparative chromosomal mapping of major and 5S ribosomal genes in six species of the family Channichthyidae, namely Champsocephalus gunnari, Channichthys rhinoceratus, Chionodraco hamatus, Cryodraco atkinsoni, Pagetopsis macropterus and Neopagetopsis ionah, was performed by fluorescence in-situ hybridization, and using 28S and 5S ribosomal gene (rDNA)(More)
The interspecific relationships and taxonomy of 12 antarctic coastal Nototheniids (the Pagothenia/ Trematomus complex) are still under discussion. Here we present karyological data on eight species in hope that further cytogenetic data can help to clarify phylogenetic problems. Pagothenia bernacchii (2n = 48) has a generalized karyotype which has not(More)
Using comparative cytogenetic techniques, we characterized the chromosomes of fishes from the family Bovichtidae, the basal lineage of the largely Antarctic suborder Notothenioidei. We focused on three Sub-Antarctic species of the genus Bovichtus that differ greatly in their circumpolar distributions: B. diacanthus (Tristan da Cunha Island Group), B.(More)
Visual observations and videos of Chionodraco hamatus icefish at the "Acquario di Genova" and histological analyses of congeneric species C. hamatus and C. rastrospinosus adults sampled in the field provided new anatomical and behavioral information on the reproductive biology of these white blooded species that are endemic to the High-Antarctic region.(More)
The two giant notothenioid species, the Patagonian toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides and the Antarctic toothfish D. mawsoni, are important components of the Antarctic ichthyofauna and heavily exploited commercially. They have similar appearance and size, both are piscivorous and bentho-pelagic, but differ in their geographic distribution and(More)