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For evaluating visual-analytics tools, many studies confine to scoring user insights into data. For participatory design of those tools, we propose a three-level methodology to make more out of users' insights. The relational insight organizer (RIO) helps to understand how insights emerge and build on one each other. In recent years, computers have also(More)
Many real-world problems involve time-oriented data. Time data is different from other kinds of data--explicitly harnessing the structures of time in visualizations can guide and support users’ visual analysis processes. State-of-the-art visualizations hardly take advantage of the structures of time to aid users in understanding and exploring the(More)
In this article we discuss potential scenarios of use for mobile media in museums and the challenges they pose. We examine how the characteristics of mobile technology suit the specific characteristics of a museum setting. Based on these considerations different ways to support visitors with mobile devices are put forward: attentional focus and guidance;(More)
Cultural heritage exhibitions commonly have to arrange a high amount of diverse artefacts and associated information in architecturally complex facilities. This constellation issues challenges to both: exhibition designers who have to find ways to deal with spatial restrictions and visitors who often experience cognitive overload and museum fatigue due to(More)
Visual analytics emphasizes the interplay between visualization, analytical procedures performed by computers and human perceptual and cognitive activities. Human reasoning is an important element in this context. There are several theories in psychology and HCI explaining open-ended and exploratory reasoning. Five of these theories (sensemaking theories,(More)
Especially in ill-defined problems like complex, real-world tasks more than one way leads to a solution. Until now, the evaluation of information visualizations was often restricted to measuring outcomes only (time and error) or insights into the data set. A more detailed look into the processes which lead to or hinder task completion is provided by(More)
Understanding novel visualizations can be a challenge even for experienced users. During iterative usability engineering phases in the DisCō project, visualizations of time-oriented data are explored by domain experts and non-experts. The aim of our study is to analyze the generation of knowledge and understanding by means of visualizations without previous(More)
Adaptive systems (e.g., PDA or hypermedia) provide an opportunity to present customized information on museum exhibits according to visitors’ goals. Personalized information presentation allows visitors to explore an exhibition at their own choice but to get information adjusted to their interests. Thereby, elaboration of information in informal settings(More)
In recent years, using the number of insights to benchmark visual analytics tools has become a prominent method in the Infovis community. The insight methodology has become a frequently used instrument to measure the performance of tools that are developed for highly specialized purposes for highly specialized domain-experts. But some tools have a wider(More)
During the last decades, digitization broadened access to cultural heritage collections for public audiences. Large online databases have been prepared for open access with simple search interfaces or visual exploration methods. In this position paper we discuss new challenges arising from these initiatives with regard to casual users. To meet their(More)