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PURPOSE Recent studies revealed that some foci produced by phosphorylated histone 2A family member X (gamma-H2AX) and tumor suppressor p53 binding protein 1 (53BP1) that co-localize with radiation-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) remain in cells at relatively long times after irradiation and indicated a possible correlation between cellular(More)
Oxidative damage to DNA seems to be an important factor in developing many human diseases including cancer. It involves base and sugar damage, base-free sites, DNA-protein cross-links and DNA single-strand (SSB) and double-strand (DSB) breaks. Oxidative DSB can be formed in various ways such as their direct induction by the drug or their generation either(More)
The data on biologic effects of nonthermal microwaves (MWs) from mobile telephones are diverse, and these effects are presently ignored by safety standards of the International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). In the present study, we investigated effects of MWs of Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) at different carrier(More)
PURPOSE In order to evaluate DNA damage induced by protons at low and radiotherapeutic doses at the therapeutic proton complex at Ružomberok, Slovak Republic, lymphocytes from umbilical cord blood (UCB) of the same four probands were irradiated in the dose range of 1-200 cGy with γ-rays and protons (200 MeV, irradiation in the Bragg peak). MATERIALS AND(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae rad52 mutants are sensitive to many DNA damaging agents, mainly to those that induce DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). In the yeast, DSBs are repaired primarily by homologous recombination (HR). Since almost all HR events are significantly reduced in the rad52 mutant cells, the Rad52 protein is believed to be a key component of(More)
The effects of ELF alternating magnetic fields tuned to Zn(2+) on the growth of cancer cells with different status of p53 were investigated using a cell proliferation assay. Human cancer cells HeLa (cervix cancer, p53(+/+)), Saos-2 and Saos-2-His-273 (osteosarcoma, p53(-/-) and p53 His-273 mutant, respectively), H1299tTA and H1299tTA-His175 (lung carcinoma,(More)
The purpose was to compare the radiation-induced apoptosis in human lymphocytes with DNA-loop relaxation and DNA damage as a function of radiation dose and time after exposure. Morphological changes were analysed by staining with fluorescent dyes and apoptotic fragmentation of DNA with conventional agarose gel electrophoresis, pulsed-field gel(More)
We have recently described frequency-dependent effects of mobile phone microwaves (MWs) of global system for mobile communication (GSM) on human lymphocytes from persons reporting hypersensitivity to electromagnetic fields and healthy persons. Contrary to GSM, universal global telecommunications system (UMTS) mobile phones emit wide-band MW signals.(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely accepted that DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and their misrepair in stem cells are critical events in the multistage origination of various leukemias and tumors, including gliomas. OBJECTIVES We studied whether microwaves from mobile telephones of the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and the Universal Global(More)
UNLABELLED Abstract Purpose: Human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are thought to be a major target of radiation-induced leukemogenesis and also provide a relevant cellular model for assessing cancer risk. Cluster of designation 133+ (CD133+) is a marker found in human progenitor and hematopoietic stem cells. Our study examined the repair of(More)