Eva-Maria Weiss

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Raoultella planticola has been considered a relatively harmless Gram-negative bacteria, rarely associated with clinical infection. However, in recent years, the frequency at which severe infection by R. planticola and drug-resistant strains are reported in literature has increased. Here, we present one case of acute cholecystitis caused by R. planticola,(More)
The association of HLA-B27 with ankylosing spondylitis and reactive arthritis is the strongest one known between an MHC class I Ag and a disease. We have searched the proteome of the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis for HLA-B27 binding peptides that are stimulatory for CD8(+) cells both in a model of HLA-B27 transgenic mice and in patients. This was done by(More)
CD4(+)CD25(hi)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (T(regs)) are critical mediators of self-tolerance, which is crucial for the prevention of autoimmune disease, but T(regs) can also inhibit antitumor immunity. T(regs) inhibit the proliferation of CD4(+)CD25(-) conventional T cells (T(cons)), as well as the ability of these cells to produce effector cytokines;(More)
Restimulation of previously activated T cells via the T-cell receptor (TCR) leads to activation-induced cell death (AICD), which is, at least in part, dependent on the death receptor CD95 (APO-1, FAS) and its natural ligand (CD95L). Here, we characterize cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cells (CTCL tumor cell lines and primary CTCL tumor cells from CTCL(More)
Hyperthermia (HT) is a potent sensitiser for radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) and has been proven to modulate directly or indirectly cells of the innate and adaptive immune system. We will focus in this article on how anti-tumour immunity can be induced by HT. In contrast to some in vitro assays, in vivo examinations showed that natural killer cells(More)
Radiotherapy (RT) with ionizing irradiation is commonly used to locally attack tumors. It induces a stop of cancer cell proliferation and finally leads to tumor cell death. During the last years it has become more and more evident that besides a timely and locally restricted radiation-induced immune suppression, a specific immune activation against the(More)
The therapy of cancer emerged as multimodal treatment strategy. The major mode of action of locally applied radiotherapy (RT) is the induction of DNA damage that triggers a network of events that finally leads to tumor cell cycle arrest and cell death. Along with this, RT modifies the phenotype of the tumor cells and their microenvironment. Either may(More)
CD4(+)CD25(++)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) control self-reactive cells to maintain peripheral tolerance. Treg homeostasis has to be controlled tightly to ensure balanced Treg-mediated suppression. One mechanism that regulates the CD4(+) T cell pool is activation-induced cell death (AICD). This is mimicked in vitro by TCR restimulation-induced(More)
Multimodal tumor therapies should aim not only to kill the tumor cells, but also to stimulate a specific immune response to keep residual tumor (stem) cells and metastases under control. Apoptotic cells are mostly noninflammatory or even anti-inflammatory while necrotic cells stimulate the immune system. Whether the immunogenicity of apoptotic tumor cells(More)