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The increase of elderly in our society requires simple tools for quantification of sarcopenia in inpatient and outpatient settings. The aim of this study was to compare parameters determined with musculoskeletal ultrasound (M-US) with muscle strength in young and elderly patients. In this prospective, randomised and observer blind study, 26 young (24.2 ±(More)
Male house mice produce large quantities of major urinary proteins (MUPs), which function to bind and transport volatile pheromones, though they may also function as scavengers that bind and excrete toxic compounds ('toxic waste hypothesis'). In this study, we demonstrate the presence of an industrial chemical, 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (DTBP), in the urine(More)
Glutamine (GLN) is the most abundant free amino acid (AA) in the human body. Under GLN-free conditions, which can be obtained when cells are cultivated in vitro, tissue cells cannot grow. Therefore, when classifying GLN as a "non-essential" AA, one must consider that in the human body GLN is synthesized from essential AAs and is continuously delivered from(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on skeletal muscle metabolism after major abdominal surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Protein catabolism associated with surgical interventions leads to reduced muscle strength, increased clinical complications and prolonged convalescence. Immobilization is suggested as a(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in critically ill patients after cardiothoracic surgery are unknown. The objectives were to investigate whether NMES prevents loss of muscle layer thickness (MLT) and strength and to observe the time variation of MLT and strength from preoperative day to hospital discharge. METHODS In(More)
Unfortunately several mistakes were made according to Table 3 during the publication process. In the first column, the words " Echogenicity " and " Pennation angle " have been exchanged. Therefore, the negative Pearson correlation coefficients presented in the second row belong to the correlation between " Echogenicity " and the individual muscle. The(More)
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