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The polymorphic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has gained a specific relevance in pathogen resistance and mate choice. Particularly the antigen-binding site (ABS), encoded by exon 2 of the DRB class II gene, exhibits numerous alleles and extensive sequence variations between alleles. A lack of MHC variability has attributed to instances such as(More)
Rigid, monolithic capillary columns for reversed-phase electrochromatography have been prepared within the confines of untreated fused-silica capillaries in a single step by a simple copolymerization of ethylene dimethacrylate, butyl methacrylate, and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid in the presence of a porogenic solvent. The composition of the(More)
1-Trichloromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (TaClo, 2) is a mammalian alkaloid that readily originates in the human organism, by Pictet-Spengler condensation of endogenously present tryptamine (Ta) and the non-natural hypnotic agent trichloroacetaldehyde (chloral, Clo). Due to its structural analogy to the neurotoxin(More)
Monolithic columns for capillary electrochromatography have been prepared within the confines of untreated fused-silica capillaries in a single step by a simple copolymerization of mixtures of butyl methacrylate, ethylene dimethacrylate, and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane-sulfonic acid (AMPS) in the presence of a porogenic solvent. The use of these novel(More)
Monolithic columns for capillary electrochromatography (CEC) are receiving quite remarkable attention. Both the simplicity of the in situ preparation and the large number of readily available chemistries make the monolithic separation media a vital alternative to capillary columns packed with particulate materials. This review summarizes the current(More)
We show ferromagnetic properties of hydrogen-functionalized epitaxial graphene on SiC. Ferromagnetism in such a material is not directly evident as it is inherently composed of only nonmagnetic constituents. Our results nevertheless show strong ferromagnetism with a saturation of 0.9μ(B)/hexagon projected area, which cannot be explained by simple magnetic(More)
Chloral-derived beta-carbolines, which are structurally similar to the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP, 5), are discussed to contribute to neuronal cell death in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The cytotoxicity of 1-trichloromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (TaClo, 4) to neuronal-like clonal(More)
The "lactone concept" has been efficiently employed for the first atropo-enantioselective synthesis of knipholone and related natural phenylanthraquinones. Besides the regio- and stereoselective construction of the biaryl axis, another important step was the "synthetically late" introduction of the C-acetyl group, either by a Friedel-Crafts type acetylation(More)
The effect of chromatographic conditions on the performance of monolithic poly(butyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate-co-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) columns in capillary electrochromatography has been studied. The flow velocity was found to be proportional to the strength of the electric field and both the pH and the composition of(More)