Eva M. Söderling

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Xylitol is effective as a non-cariogenic sugar substitute. Habitual xylitol consumption appears to select for mutans streptococci (MS) with impaired adhesion properties, i.e., they shed easily to saliva from plaque. One hundred sixty-nine mother-child pairs participated in a two-year study exploring whether the mothers' xylitol consumption could be used to(More)
The effect of sorbitol (SOR), xylitol (XYL), and the mixture XYL/SOR in chewing gums on dental plaque was studied in three groups of 7 adults (mean age 22.5 years). A fourth group of habitual users of sucrose-containing gums was used as a control. The study involved a 2-week, no-gum period followed by the use of the polyol gums for 2 weeks (10 gums/day in 5(More)
Plaque and whole saliva samples were collected from initially 11- to 12-year-old children randomly chosen from two groups which participated in a 2- to 3-year field trial designed to test the efficacy of xylitol chewing gums in caries prevention. No initial differences were observed between the groups with regard to the plaque levels of Streptococcus(More)
Several sugar alcohols (polyols) have been promoted as potential sugar substitutes in caries limitation. However, differences in the effects of simple alditol-type sugar alcohol homologues on dental plaque have not been compared in clinical tests. The effects of 6-month use of erythritol (a sugar alcohol of the tetritol type), xylitol (a pentitol) and(More)
Xylitol reduces plaque but the reduction mechanism is largely unknown. The main aim of the present study was to determine whether the xylitol-induced reduction in the amount of plaque and the number of mutans streptococci could be demonstrated in subjects with (presumably) high levels of xylitol-resistant (XR; not inhibited by xylitol) mutans streptococci(More)
The relationship between the caries status and the microbiological status [mutans streptococci (MS)] in the proximal areas of lower right and upper left molars was investigated in subjects of the Ylivieska xylitol study in Finland (1982-1985) in a cross-sectional follow-up in 1988. Those children who had used xylitol chewing gum regularly since 1982 showed(More)
In clinical studies, probiotic bacteria have decreased the counts of salivary mutans streptococci (MS). We compared the effects of probiotic Lactobacillus strains on the biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans. The bacterial strains used included four S. mutans strains (reference strains NCTC 10449 and Ingbritt and clinical isolates 2366 and 195) and(More)
The effect of 2-month usage of saliva-stimulating pastils containing either erythritol or xylitol was studied in a cohort of 30 subjects assigned to the respective polyol groups (n = 15). The daily consumption level of both polyols was 5.2 g, used in 5 daily chewing episodes. The mean weight of total plaque mass (collectable during a standard period of 3(More)
No studies on the concentration dependency of the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans with xylitol are available. We studied xylitol-induced growth inhibition of two type strains, S. mutans NCTC 10449 and Ingbritt, and three clinical isolates of S. mutans. The strains were grown in Brain Hearth Infusion Medium in the presence of 0.001% (0.066 mM), 0.005%(More)