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UNLABELLED Sensory gating deficit, assessed by a paired auditory stimulus paradigm (P50), has been reported as a stable marker of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to explore if this neurophysiological disturbance also fulfilled stability criteria in the bipolar disorder (BD) spectrum bipolar, as state independence is one of the main points to be(More)
BACKGROUND Bipolar disorder (BD) patients show a deficit in sustained attention during euthymic periods. This deficit may be relevant for genetic studies in these patients. The α7 cholinergic receptor plays an important role in attentional deficit in humans and animal models. Moreover, there is evidence suggesting the role of the alpha 7 nicotinic(More)
OBJECTIVES. Recent studies have evidenced that bipolar patients show a sensory gating deficit (P50). Among the neural systems that could be influencing this electrophysiological phenotype, dopamine seems to play an important role. We hypothesize that catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the main metabolizer of dopamine in prefrontal cortex, is related to(More)
Although smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) is a reliable endophenotype of schizophrenia, exact underlying cognitive and neural substrates remain unknown. A simple mechanistic model of SPEM assumes an efficient interaction in integrating sensory input from the medial temporal (MT)/medial superior temporal (MST) brain regions and subsequent motor response(More)
The vast majority of multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) signal analyses to detect glaucoma study the signals’ amplitudes and latencies. The purpose of this paper is to investigate application of wavelet analysis of mfERG signals in diagnosis of glaucoma. This analysis method applies the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) to the signals, using the real(More)
OBJECTIVE P50 gating in schizophrenia has contributed much to our understanding of the pathophysiology of the illness. We examined euthymic bipolar patients to determine if they also have a P50 gating deficit. METHOD P50 gating was measured in 81 euthymic bipolar patients (50 with a lifetime history of psychotic symptoms), 92 stable schizophrenic(More)
P50 sensory gating deficit has repeatedly been demonstrated in schizophrenia. Studies have produced inconsistent findings with respect to normalization of P50 gating in patients with schizophrenia receiving treatment with different antipsychotics. The current study was designed to determine whether there is a difference in P50 gating in schizophrenia(More)
Few studies have compared neurocognitive performance in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD), stabilized patients with schizophrenia (SC) and normal controls (NC) using a comprehensive neuropsychological battery, and those that have been conducted have yielded discrepant results. We evaluated the neurocognitive profile shown by 73 euthymic patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Biological evidence in both human and animal studies suggests α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit gene (CHRNA7) as a suitable functional candidate for genetic studies in psychiatric populations. This gene maps to chromosome 15q13-14, a major linkage hotspot for schizophrenia (SCH) and bipolar disorder (BD). In this study we(More)
OBJECTIVE Nowadays, it is accepted that to identify the biological basis of psychiatric illnesses it would be useful to deconstruct them into the most basic manifestations, such as cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to set attention deficit as a stable vulnerability marker of bipolar disorder. METHOD Sustained attention was evaluated by the(More)