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Small retinal arterioles in the pig retina were occluded by argon laser photocoagulation and the morphology and topography of the resulting lesions studied by ophthalmoscopy, histology, and electron microscopy. Two days after laser coagulation ischaemic necrosis of the inner retina was observed in the territory of occluded arterioles, and swollen axon(More)
Several mechanisms are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. They include biochemical, hemodynamic, and hormonal factors, all of which have an important role in the development of diabetic retinopathy. These factors are not independent of each other, but rather they interact and together are responsible for the well-known lesions of(More)
Diabetes is now regarded as an epidemic, with the population of patients expected to rise to 380 million by 2025. Tragically, this will lead to approximately 4 million people around the world losing their sight from diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness in patients aged 20 to 74 years. The risk of development and progression of diabetic(More)
Regional cerebral [11C]3-O-methyl-D-glucose ([11C]MeG) uptake kinetics have been measured in five insulin-dependent diabetic patients and four normal controls using positron emission tomography (PET). Concomitant measurement of regional cerebral blood volume and CBF enabled corrections for the presence of intravascular [11C]MeG signal in cerebral regions of(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common diabetic complications, and is a major cause of new blindness in the working-age population of developed countries. Progression of vascular abnormalities, including the selective loss of pericytes, formation of acellular capillaries, thickening of the basement membrane, and increased vascular permeability(More)
The effect of different rates of glucose infusion on the retinal circulation was studied in Gottingen breed minipigs. Seven minipigs were made hyperglycemic rapidly with an intravenous bolus injection of 50% dextrose, after which a slow dextrose infusion maintained hyperglycemia for 60 minutes. Seven minipigs were more gradually made hyperglycemic over 60(More)
Objectives. Using apocynin (inhibitor of NADPH oxidase), and Mitoquinol 10 nitrate (MitoQ; mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant), we addressed the importance of mitochondria versus NADPH oxidase-derived ROS in glucose-induced apoptosis of pericytes. Methods. NADPH oxidase was localised using Western blot analysis and cytochrome C reduction assay. Apoptosis(More)
Pathological changes in the optic disc and anterior part of the optic nerve of monkeys were studied 5 hours and several days after occlusion of the temporal short posterior ciliary arteries. Ischaemic vacuolation of neural tissue was observed in some of the animals studied and was restricted to the lamina cribrosa and the immediately retrolaminar portion of(More)
Fluorescein penetration into the posterior vitreous depends on plasma-free fluorescein concentration and blood-retinal barrier (BRB) permeability. The reproducibility of two methods of deriving BRB permeability was studied in 19 normal eyes of 14 subjects using vitreous fluorophotometry on two separate occasions. Plasma-free fluorescence was measured at(More)