Eva-Lena Bergquist

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Three enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (E.P.E.C.) strains (O127:K63:H6, O128:K67:H2, and O142:K86:H6) isolated from outbreaks of infantile diarrhoea and one strain from the "normal" colonic flora (E. coli HS) of a healthy adult were fed in doses of 10(6), 10(8), and 10(10) organisms in NaHCO3 to adult volunteers. The strains, which had been stored for 7--9(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains represent the most frequent etiological agent of travelers diarrhea. Challenge studies with several of these strains were undertaken in volunteers to evaluate the mechanisms of disease-induced immunity. Seventeen students and other community volunteers were given 10(6) or 10(8) organisms of E. coli B7A (O148:H28),(More)
In 90 volunteers participating in a vaccine-development programme consumption of beer more than 3 days a week was linked with high stomach acid output, and smoking of cannabis greater than 2 days a week was linked with low acid output. In 92 volunteers challenged with Vibrio cholerae or enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, heavy use of cannabis was associated(More)
Purified cholera toxoid is antigenic when given enterally and orally. Purified toxoid fails to provide protection against experimental challenge. Clinical cholera confers formidable protection against homologous or heterologous rechallenge. Failure to culture vibrios from intestinal fluid or stool of re-challenge volunteers suggests that the predominant(More)
Fasting and postprandial stomach acid production were low in 16 of 37 Bangalees convalescing from cholera or non-vibrio cholera. Gastric juice of hypochlorhydric patients did not kill cholera vibrios in vitro, whereas that from normochlorhydric patients rapidly killed vibrios in concentrations up to 10(10)/ml. To determine whether hypoacidity resulted from(More)
In an attempt to obviate the need for intravenous fluids by preventing dehydration, 57 adult volunteers who experienced induced clinical cholera during a vaccine development programme were treated from the onset of diarrhoea with oral glucose-electrolytes therapy. 44 individuals with mild to moderately profuse diarrhoea (less than 8 L. total volume) were(More)
Aspergillus flavus vegetative endocarditis together with myocardial abscesses and pneumonitis developed in a patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia. The initial diagnosis was not suspected until 67gallium imaging revealed a radiographically undetectable thoracic abnormality. Despite apparently "early" diagnosis, antifungal therapy was inadequate to prevent(More)
The problems encountered with the interpretation of martensite and the various forms of bainite that are found in high strength steel weld metals have been addressed. Field emission gun scanning electron microscopy was found to overcome resolution difficulties often met with light optical microscopy and conventional scanning electron microscopy. The various(More)