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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Hyperglycemia represents one of possible mediators for activation of immune system and may contribute to worsening of inflammatory state associated with obesity. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of a short-term hyperglycemia (HG) on the phenotype and relative content of immune cells in circulation and subcutaneous(More)
CONTEXT Beneficial metabolic effects of calorie restriction found in the early stage of hypocalorie diets may be caused by the modulation of metabolic and endocrine function of adipose tissue. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to compare metabolic and inflammation-related characteristics of sc adipose tissue (SAAT) in the early (2 d) and later (28(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity represents a high risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and is associated with a low-grade inflammation and activation of immune cells. AIMS The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of a short-term lipid infusion on immune cells in blood and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT) in obese women. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are among nutrients strongly linked with insulin sensitivity (IS) measures. We investigated the effects of a chronic increase of BCAA intake on IS in two groups of healthy subjects differing in their basal consumption of BCAA, that is, vegans and omnivores. SUBJECTS/METHODS Eight vegans and eight(More)
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