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Mu opioid receptors are critical for heroin dependence, and A118G SNP of the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) has been linked with heroin abuse. In our population of European Caucasians (n = 118), approximately 90% of 118G allelic carriers were heroin users. Postmortem brain analyses showed the OPRM1 genotype associated with transcription, translation, and(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamatergic transmission in the amygdala is hypothesized as an important mediator of stimulus-reward associations contributing to drug-seeking behavior and relapse. Insight is, however, lacking regarding the amygdala glutamatergic system in human drug abusers. METHODS We examined glutamate receptors and scaffolding proteins associated with(More)
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is a recently discovered anorexigenic peptide. In rodents, CART inhibits food intake and is expressed in the anorexigenic alpha-MSH- but not in the orexigenic neuropeptide Y (NPY)- and agouti-related protein (AGRP)-synthesizing neurons of the arcuate nucleus. To understand whether CART is similarly(More)
Dysfunction of mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic neurons is considered a common feature of all drugs of abuse, yet few investigations have evaluated the dopamine (DA) system in nonstimulant human abusers. We examined mRNA expression levels of DA transporter (DAT), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine D2 receptor, alpha-synuclein, and nuclear receptor-related 1(More)
Tinuvin 770/bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate is a worldwide used light stabilizer for plastic materials like polyolefins. Tinuvin 770 is a biologically active component of polypropylene tubes. Glossmann and his study group managed to extract this compound by aqueous or organic solvents from laboratory plastic tubes, and propose that Tinuvin(More)
Compelling evidence now exists for estrogen's involvement in the regulation of mood and cognitive functions. Serum estrogen levels have been shown to play an important role in the expression of psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. We have characterized the distribution of the estrogen receptors, ERalpha and ERbeta, in the human brain(More)
The observation of increased hyperphosphorylated tau levels correlating with microglial activation in opiate abusers has been interpreted as predisposition to accelerated Alzheimer disease-related changes. The present study focused on evaluating additional neurodegeneration-related proteins, including α-synuclein and TDP-43, and p62-positive deposits. We(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate characteristic injuries of pedestrians and bicyclists (unprotected) compared to motor vehicle occupants' (protected) in fatal traffic accidents. Cases of 664 fatal traffic accidents (371 pedestrians, 45 bicyclists, and 248 motor vehicle occupants) were collected from 1999 to 2001 using the database of the(More)
Climatic and seasonal triggering factors have received an increasing attention among risk factors of sudden cardiac death. The relationship between cold weather conditions and ischemic heart disease death is well established. In this study, there were 7450 (4967 males, 2483 females) cardiovascular death cases medico-legally autopsied between 1995 and 2004.(More)
In the human brain the monoaminooxidase-B enzyme or MAO-B is highly abundant in astrocytes. As astrocyte activity and, consequently, the activity of the MAO-B enzyme, is up-regulated in neuroinflammatory processes, radiolabelled analogues of deprenyl may serve as an imaging biomarker in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer's disease.(More)