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The monoterpene cyclase limonene synthase transforms geranyl diphosphate to a monocyclic olefin and constitutes the simplest model for terpenoid cyclase catalysis. (-)-4S-Limonene synthase preprotein from spearmint bears a long plastidial targeting sequence. Difficulty expressing the full-length preprotein in Escherichia coli is encountered because of host(More)
Common sage (Salvia officinalis) produces an extremely broad range of cyclic monoterpenes bearing diverse carbon skeletons, including members of the p-menthane (1,8-cineole), pinane (alpha- and beta-pinene), thujane (isothujone), camphane (camphene), and bornane (camphor) families. An homology-based polymerase chain reaction cloning strategy was developed(More)
The committed step in the biosynthesis of monoterpenes in mint (Mentha) species is the cyclization of geranyl pyrophosphate to the olefin (-)-4S-limonene catalyzed by limonene synthase (cyclase). Internal amino acid sequences of the purified enzyme from spearmint oil glands were utilized to design three distinct oligonucleotide probes. These probes were(More)
In an insect, the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta, the cerebral neuropeptide prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), the primary effector of postembryonic development, exists as two molecular forms. These two PTTH's elicit characteristic in vitro dose responses of activation of prothoracic glands from different developmental stages, an indication that during(More)
A modified in vitro assay was used to assess the kinetics of activation and the decay of activation of the prothoracic glands (PG) by the prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) in Manduca sexta. Time-courses of ecdysone synthesis by PTTH-activated day 3 larval and day 0 pupal PG were comparable both quantitatively and temporally, but dose-responses of PTTH(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence, phenotypes, and genes responsible for erythromycin resistance among Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from Mexico and the USA. METHODS Eighty-nine invasive and 378 non-invasive isolates from Mexico, plus 148 invasive, 21 non-invasive, and five unclassified isolates from the USA were studied. Susceptibilities to(More)
Clostridium sordellii, an anaerobic pathogen, has recently been associated with rapidly fatal infections following medically induced abortions and injecting drug use. Patients with C. sordellii infection display few signs of inflammation such as fever, or redness and pain at the site of infection. We hypothesized that this could be due to reduced(More)
The prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) is an insect cerebral peptide that stimulates the prothoracic glands to produce the steroid hormone ecdysone thus initiating molting and metamorphosis. "Big" PTTH, one of several molecular forms of the neurohormone, was isolated from brains of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta, and fractionated by high-pressure liquid(More)
The prothoracicotropic hormones (PTTH) are cerebral peptides that control insect postembryonic development by stimulating the prothoracic glands to synthesize ecdysteroids. Using immunoaffinity chromatography and SDS-PAGE, a 25.5 kDa big PTTH has been purified from Manduca sexta. Based upon SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis, the native form of big PTTH(More)
The prothoracicotropic hormones (PTTHs) are cerebral peptides that control insect postembryonic development by stimulating the prothoracic glands to synthesize ecdysteroids. In Manduca sexta, the tobacco hornworm, two classes of PTTH are distinguished by their M(r), small (ca. 7 kDa) and big PTTH (ca. 25-30 kDa). Little is known about the physical nature of(More)