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Macrophages and arterial chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPG) are probably associated with extracellular and intracellular lipoprotein deposition during atherogenesis. We found that human arterial CSPG can be used to select subclasses from low density lipoprotein (LDL) with different structural properties and capacities to interact with human(More)
The atherogenicity of low density lipoproteins (LDL) may be modulated by its serum levels, structure and affinity for components of the intima, all properties that can be altered by diet. Linoleic acid-rich diets (n-G, 18:2) reduce the levels of LDL whereas those rich in oleic (n-9,18:1) are considered 'neutral'. However, LDL enriched in linoleic acid have(More)
Retention of apo B-100 lipoproteins, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and probably lipoprotein(a), Lp(a), by intima proteoglycans (PGs) appears to increase the residence time needed for their structural, hydrolytic and oxidative modifications. If the rate of LDL entry exceeds the tissue capacity to eliminate the modified products, this process may be a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship of inflammation and endothelial activation with insulin resistance and adiposity in type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS Hundred and thirty-four (45 female) type 2 diabetic subjects aged 50-75 in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes Study in Helsinki were examined before fenofibrate(More)
Certain members of the phospholipase A(2) superfamily of enzymes have established causal involvement in atherosclerosis, thus at least two groups of this family of enzymes have been considered potential candidates for the prevention of cardiovascular events. Recently completed experimental animal studies, human biomarker data, vascular imaging studies, and(More)
BACKGROUND Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE*3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free (Con), low (LC;(More)
Recent prospective analysis identified secretory phospholipase A(2)-IIa (sPLA(2)IIa) as a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk predictor. This study aimed to examine the relationship between serum levels of sPLA(2)IIa and variation in the sPLA(2)IIa gene (PLA2G2A) in a cohort of patients with Type II diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Six tagging single nucleotide(More)
There is evidence for the presence of lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) in oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein, human plasma and in atherosclerotic lesions. We studied the effect of lysoPC on the cytokine production by human monocytes. Among all the cytokines tested (IL-8, TNF alpha, MCP-1 and IL-1beta), we found that lysoPC most consistently(More)
Animal and human studies suggest that both secretory PLA2 (sPLA2)-V and sPLA2-IIA (encoded, respectively, by the neighbouring PLA2G5 and PLA2G2A genes) contribute to atherogenesis. Elevated plasma sPLA2-IIA predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, but no mass assay for sPLA2-V is available. We previously reported that tagging single nucleotide(More)
Clinical observations strongly support an association of circulating levels of secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)) in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD). Two modes of action can provide causal support for these statistical correlations. One is the action of the enzymes on circulating lipoproteins and the other is direct action on the(More)