Eva Elisabeth Johansson

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The increase in qualitative research in family medicine raises a demand for critical discussions about design, methods and conclusions. This article shows how scientific claims for truthful findings and neutrality can be assessed. Established concepts such as validity, reliability, objectivity and generalization cannot be used in qualitative research.(More)
BACKGROUND Female students currently outnumber male students in most medical schools. Some medical specialties are highly gender segregated. Therefore, it is interesting to know whether medical students have early specialization preferences based on their gender. Consequently, we like to know importance stipulated to motivational factors. AIM Our study(More)
Mass media are influential mediators of information, knowledge, and narratives of health and illness. In this article, we report on an examination of personal accounts of illness as presented in three Swedish newspapers, focusing on the gendered representation of laypersons' experiences of depression. A database search identified all articles mentioning(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have revealed low adherence to guidelines for treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE To explore GPs' experiences regarding treatment practice in type 2 diabetes with specific focus on the prevention of cardiovascular disease. METHODS Fourteen experienced GPs from nine health care centres with group practices(More)
BACKGROUND In family practice depression is a common mental health problem and one with marked gender differences; women are diagnosed as depressed twice as often as men. A more comprehensive explanatory model of depression that can give an understanding of, and tools for changing, this gender difference is called for. This study explores how primary care(More)
BACKGROUND Today, women constitute about half of medical students in several Western societies, yet women physicians are still underrepresented in surgical specialties and clustered in other branches of medicine. Gender segregation in specialty preference has been found already in medical school. It is important to study the career preferences of our future(More)
BACKGROUND Research has raised concerns about gender bias in medicine; that is, are women and men being treated differently because of gender stereotyped attitudes among physicians? We investigated gender differences in the diagnosis and management of neck pain as proposed in a written test. The design eliminated differences related to communication and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES What do women patients, sick-listed for biomedically undefined musculoskeletal disorders, expect and experience when they consult a doctor? With the purpose to learn more about this, a qualitative interview study was conducted. METHODS Twenty women participated. They were patients at an urban health care centre in northern(More)
BACKGROUND An important goal for medical education today is professional development including gender equality and awareness of gender issues. Are medical teachers prepared for this task? We investigated gender awareness among physician teachers, expressed as their attitudes towards the role of gender in professional relationships, and how it varied with(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore depression from a gender perspective, by capturing depressed women's and men's formulations of their experiences and understanding of their situation. DESIGN Qualitative interview study. SETTING A healthcare centre in northern Sweden. SUBJECTS Eighteen patients who had been diagnosed with depression and treated for at least 6(More)