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Transcriptional regulation can occur at the level of initiation and RNA elongation. We report that the rearranged, nontranscribed Ig kappa gene in the pre-B cell line 70Z/3 harbors a paused RNA polymerase II (pol II) at a position between 45 and 89 bp downstream of the transcription initiation site. LPS, an inducer of NF-kappa B, activated Ig kappa gene(More)
We have targeted the activation of an endogenous chromosomal locus including the human erythropoietin gene using synthetic transcription factors. These transcription factors are targeted to particular DNA sequences in the 5'-flanking region of the erythropoietin gene through engineering of a zinc finger DNA binding domain. The DNA binding domain is linked(More)
The proto-oncogene c-myc is transcribed from a dual promoter P1/P2, with transcription initiation sites 160 base pairs apart. Here we have studied the transcriptional activation of both promoters on chromatin templates. c-myc chromatin was reconstituted on stably transfected, episomal, Epstein-Barr virus-derived vectors in a B cell line. Episomal P1 and P2(More)
Multi-parameter flow cytometry analysis of T regulatory (Treg) cells is a widely used approach in basic and translational research studies. This approach has been complicated by a lack of specific markers for Treg cells and lack of uniformity in the quantification of Treg cells. Given the central role of Treg cells in the inception and perpetuation of(More)
BACKGROUND Laboratory-based, mechanistic, and prognosis studies suggest that a shift from antitumor immunity towards tumor-immune tolerance plays a major role in carcinogenesis. However, prospective epidemiological studies on the consequences of differing immune tolerance levels prior to clinical manifestation are missing. METHODS A case-cohort study(More)
TGF-beta induces apoptosis and inhibits the proliferation of EBV-negative B-lymphoma cell lines. In contrast, EBV-immortalized B cells are resistant to both the proapoptotic and the antiproliferative activities of TGF-beta. We have generated a lymphoblastoid cell line, in which we can switch on and off the EBV-specific transcriptional program driven by(More)