Eva E Holmberg

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In the Finnish breast and ovarian cancer families six BRCA1 and five BRCA2 mutations have been found recurrently. Some of these recurrent mutations have also been seen elsewhere in the world, while others are exclusively of Finnish origin. A haplotype analysis of 26 Finnish families carrying a BRCA1 mutation and 20 families with a BRCA2 mutation indicated(More)
Previous studies of high-risk breast cancer families have proposed that two major breast cancer-susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, may account for at least two-thirds of all hereditary breast cancer. We have screened index cases from 106 Scandinavian (mainly southern Swedish) breast cancer and breast-ovarian cancer families for germ-line mutations in(More)
Instability of the centromeric region of chromosome 1, and multibranched configurations formed by the short and long arms were seen in a brother and sister with facial dysmorphism, mental retardation and recurrent infections. No chromosomal abnormalities were seen in the parents, who were first cousins. The fragility of chromosome 1 was identified in(More)
During 7 years (1985-1992), 39,105 consecutive prenatal diagnoses (34,908 amniocenteses and 4197 chorionic villus samples) were made at the five largest clinical genetic laboratories in Sweden. Thirty-one cases of extra structurally abnormal chromosomes (ESACs) were found, giving a total prevalence of 0.8 per 1000. Twelve ESACs were inherited, 14 were de(More)
Extra structurally abnormal chromosomes (ESACs) are small supernumerary chromosomes often associated with developmental abnormalities and malformations. We present 50 probands with ESACs characterized by fluorescence in situ hybridization using centromere-specific probes and chromosome-specific libraries. ESAC-specific libraries were constructed by flow(More)
CHARGE syndrome is a disorder characterized by Coloboma, Heart defect, Atresia choanae, Retarded growth and/or development, Genital hypoplasia and Ear anomalies. Heterozygous mutations in the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene have been identified in about 60% of individuals diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome. We performed a CHD7 mutation(More)
Nemaline myopathy (NM) is a genetic muscle disorder characterized by muscle dysfunction and electron-dense protein accumulations (nemaline bodies) in myofibers. Pathogenic mutations have been described in 9 genes to date, but the genetic basis remains unknown in many cases. Here, using an approach that combined whole-exome sequencing (WES) and Sanger(More)
GFAP levels in the CSF were highly elevated in three genetically confirmed cases of Alexander disease clinically conforming with infantile, early and late juvenile forms. No other CSF abnormalities were detected. Assay of CSF-GFAP may prove to be a rapid and cost-effective screening test in clinical variants of Alexander disease and an indicator of GFAP(More)
Lymphedema, lymphangiectasias, mental retardation and unusual facial characteristics define the autosomal recessive Hennekam syndrome. Homozygosity mapping identified a critical chromosomal region containing CCBE1, the human ortholog of a gene essential for lymphangiogenesis in zebrafish. Homozygous and compound heterozygous mutations in seven subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Noonan syndrome (NS) and cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFC) are related disorders associated with disrupted RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK signalling. NS, characterised by facial dysmorphism, congenital heart defects and short stature, is caused by mutations in the genes PTPN11, SOS1, KRAS and RAF1. CFC is distinguished from NS by the presence of ectodermal(More)