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During eye development in D. melanogaster, the TALE-homeodomain protein Homothorax (Hth) is expressed by progenitor cells ahead of the neurogenic wave front, promotes rapid proliferation of these cells and is downregulated before cells exit the cell cycle and differentiate. Here, we present evidence that hth function is partially conserved in vertebrates.(More)
The morphogen sonic hedgehog (Shh) seems to mediate adult repair processes in bone regeneration and vascularisation. In this study we investigated the effects of Shh on co-cultures consisting of human primary osteoblasts and outgrowth endothelial cells in terms of angiogenic activation and vessel maturation in comparison to the treatment with the commonly(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from bone marrow and outgrowth endothelial cells (OEC) from peripheral blood are considered as attractive cell types for applications in regenerative medicine aiming to build up complex vascularized tissue-engineered constructs. MSC provide several advantages such as the potential to differentiate to osteoblasts and to support(More)
One of the major problems with bone tissue engineering is the development of a rapid vascularization after implantation to supply the growing osteoblast cells with the nutrients to grow and survive as well as to remove waste products. It has been demonstrated that capillary-like structures produced in vitro will anastomose rapidly after implantation and(More)
The successful vascularisation of complex tissue engineered constructs for bone regeneration is still a major challenge in the field of tissue engineering. In this context, co-culture systems of endothelial cells and osteoblasts represent a promising approach to advance the formation of a stable vasculature as well as an excellent in vitro model to identify(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a morphogen controlling the skeletal and vascular development in the embryo but is also reactivated during adult repair processes. Thus, this molecule holds great therapeutic potential for biotechnological and biomedical approaches aiming to enhance tissue regeneration or to replace damaged tissues. According to present knowledge,(More)
For successful bone regeneration tissue engineered bone constructs combining both aspects, namely a high osteogenic potential and a rapid connection to the vascular network are needed. In this study we assessed the formation of pre-vascular structures by human outgrowth endothelial cells (OEC) from progenitors in the peripheral blood and the osteogenic(More)
A number of previous studies documented the angiogenic potential of outgrowth endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo and provided evidence that therapeutic success could depend on coculture or coimplantation strategies. Thus, deeper insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying this pro-angiogenic effect of cocultures might provide new translational(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells from peripheral blood or cord blood are attracting increasing interest as a potential cell source for cellular therapies aiming to enhance the neovascularization of tissue engineered constructs or ischemic tissues. The present review focus on a specific population contained in endothelial progenitor cell cultures designated as(More)
An effective isolation protocol for outgrowth endothelial cells (OEC) resulting in higher cell numbers and a reduced expansion time would facilitate the therapeutical application. In this study a standard protocol based on the isolation of mononuclear cells from adult peripheral blood was modified by adding a passaging step 7 days after the isolation. OEC(More)