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Blood pressure is a heritable trait influenced by several biological pathways and responsive to environmental stimuli. Over one billion people worldwide have hypertension (≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure or  ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure). Even small increments in blood pressure are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This(More)
The rs17070145 polymorphism (C → T substitution, intron 9) of the KIBRA gene has recently been associated with episodic memory and cognitive flexibility. These findings were inconsistent across reports though, and largely lacked gene-gene or gene-environment interactions. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of the rs17070145(More)
BACKGROUND The genes encoding angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE, I/D), alpha-adducin (ADD, Gly460Trp) and aldosterone synthase (AS, -344C/T) share the potential of influencing blood pressure (BP) via sodium homeostasis. However, most studies in humans focused on single-gene effects and disregarded epistasis, the suppression or potentiation of a gene by(More)
Different genetic polymorphisms influence cardiovascular disease. We recently discovered a relationship between the intima-media thickness of the muscular femoral artery, but not the elastic common carotid artery, and the combined ACE (ACE, I/D), alpha-adducin (Gly460Trp),and aldosterone synthase (AS, C-344T) gene polymorphisms. To investigate the(More)
The prevalence of hypertension in African Americans (AAs) is higher than in other US groups; yet, few have performed genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in AA. Among people of European descent, GWASs have identified genetic variants at 13 loci that are associated with blood pressure. It is unknown if these variants confer susceptibility in people of(More)
Anomalies in either of the tightly linked genes encoding the enzymes CYP11B1 (11beta-hydroxylase) or CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase) can lead to important changes in arterial pressure and are responsible for several monogenically inherited forms of hypertension. Mutations in these genes or their regulatory regions could thus contribute to genetic variation(More)
BACKGROUND In a Caucasian population, the prevalence and incidence of hypertension, renal function and large artery stiffness were significantly correlated with polymorphisms in the genes encoding the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE I/D), aldosterone synthase (-C344T) and the cytoskeleton protein alpha-adducin (Gly460Trp). OBJECTIVE This study(More)
The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the gene encoding the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma2 has recently been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes. In the present analysis, we investigated whether PPAR-gamma2 Pro12Ala was associated with microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes, such as albuminuria, end-stage renal failure(More)
The endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE)-1 gene is a candidate for human blood pressure (BP) regulation and we report the identification of the new gene variants T-839G, C-338A, L75F, A677V and C+295T. Transient transfection of the reporter constructs containing the -338A allele showed an increase in promoter activity compared with the wild-type promoter.(More)