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We aim to establish norms of fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in 20 different regions of the brain in healthy human volunteers. Thirty-one individuals were examined for ADC and FA in 20 regions of the brain using a single-shot, spin echo, echo planar diffusion tensor imaging sequence with 32 directions at 3 T. FA and ADC(More)
This work describes a methodology for quantifying levels of total choline-containing compounds (tCho) in the breast using in vivo (1)H MR spectroscopy (MRS) at high field (4 Tesla). Water is used as an internal reference compound to account for the partial volume of adipose tissue. Peak amplitudes are estimated by fitting one peak at a time over a narrow(More)
Fifty-five right-handed men with left hemisphere stroke were systematically investigated for ideomotor apraxia of various body parts. Standardized aphasia and apraxia examinations in all cases, and appropriately timed CT in 28 cases, were used for analysis of psychological and anatomical properties of ideomotor apraxia. It is not possible to ignore the(More)
PURPOSE To determine if changes in the concentration of choline-containing compounds (tCho) from before primary systemic therapy (PST) to within 24 hours after the first treatment enable prediction of clinical response in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen women with biopsy-confirmed locally advanced breast cancer(More)
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is an invasive pediatric brainstem tumor with a poor prognosis. Patients commonly enter investigational trials, many of which use radiographic response as an endpoint for assessing drug efficacy. However, DIPGs are difficult to measure on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this study, we characterized the(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the addition of in vivo quantitative hydrogen 1 (1H) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy can improve the radiologist's diagnostic accuracy in interpreting breast MR images to distinguish benign from malignant lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional review board and, where appropriate, was(More)
Treatment of pediatric diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) remains challenging, and reliable biomarkers of response are lacking. Radiographic response is a primary endpoint in many investigational studies of brain tumors, but there is no standard method of tumor measurement for DIPG, significant inter-observer variability exists given the invasive(More)
PURPOSE To develop and optimize a (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) method for measuring brain glutathione (GSH) levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS Phantom experiments and density operator simulations were performed to determine the optimal TE for measuring GSH at 3T using J-difference spectral editing. In vivo data collected from 11 normal volunteers(More)
Detecting metabolites in breast lesions by in vivo (1)H MR spectroscopy can be difficult due to the abundance of mobile lipids in the breast which can produce spurious sidebands that interfere with the metabolite signals. Two-dimensional J-resolved spectroscopy has been demonstrated in the brain as a means to eliminate these artifacts from a large water(More)