Eva B. Brittebo

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Following a single ip injection (12, 25, 50 mg/kg) of the herbicide dichlobenil (2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile) into C57Bl mice or Sprague-Dawley rats, an extensive destruction of the glands of Bowman and in the neuroepithelium of the olfactory region was observed. In mice, necrosis of the Bowman's glands was evident 8 hr after the lowest dose (12 mg/kg).(More)
In mice given a single intraperitoneal injection of the antithyroid drug methimazole (0.44 mmol/kg; 50 mg/kg) detachment of the olfactory neuroepithelium and necrosis of the Bowman's glands in the lamina propria was observed 24 hr after administration. Three days after administration there was an atypical epithelium throughout the olfactory region and the(More)
The aim was to study the long-term response in the olfactory mucosa of NMRI mice after exposure to the olfactory toxicants dichlobenil (a herbicide) or methimazole (an antithyroid drug). Three and six months after exposure to dichlobenil (2× or 1×25 mg/kg i.p.), the dorsomedial part of the olfactory region showed a respiratory metaplasia with abundant(More)
Histopathology was used to characterize long-term toxic effects in the olfactory system following a single ip dose (4-65 mg/kg) of methylsulfonyl-2,6-dichlorobenzene, (2,6-(diCl-MeSO(2)-B)), in female NMRI mice. The effects of 2,6-(diCl-MeSO(2)-B) and its 2, 5-chlorinated isomer, (2,5-(diCl-MeSO(2)-B)), on the levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein(More)
Methimazole is an antithyroid drug that can induce loss of smell and taste in humans. It is also an olfactory toxicant in rodents. The aim of the present study was to examine involvement of glutathione in methimazole-induced damage of the olfactory mucosa (OM) of mice, and to study early onset of this damage using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We(More)
Cyanobacteria are extensively distributed in terrestrial and aquatic environments all over the world. Most cyanobacteria can produce the neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), which has been detected in several water systems and could accumulate in food chains. The aim of the study was to investigate the transfer of BMAA to fetal and neonatal(More)
beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA), a neurotoxic amino acid produced by cyanobacteria, has been suggested to be involved in the etiology of a neurodegenerative disease complex which includes Parkinson-dementia complex (PDC). In PDC, neuromelanin-containing neurons in substantia nigra are degenerated. Many PDC patients also have an uncommon pigmentary(More)
The environmental neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) has been implicated in the etiology of neurodegenerative disease, and recent studies indicate that BMAA can be misincorporated into proteins. BMAA is a developmental neurotoxicant that can induce long-term learning and memory deficits, as well as regionally restricted neuronal degeneration and(More)
Methimazole is an antithyroid drug reported to affect the sense of smell and taste in humans. The aim of the present study was to examine the distribution and effects of methimazole on the olfactory system in rodents. Autoradiography showed a selective covalent binding of 3H-labeled methimazole in the Bowman's glands in the olfactory mucosa, bronchial(More)
Several methylsulfonyl (MeSO2) metabolites formed from chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons have been identified in human milk, lung, and body fat, as well as in the tissues of Baltic grey seals and arctic polar bears. The tissue localization and nasal toxicity of two methylsulfonyl-substituted dichlorobenzenes (diCl-MeSO2-B), with the chlorine atoms in the(More)