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Cytochrome P450 2E1 was isolated from minipig liver microsomes. The protein has been cloned and the respective cDNA sequenced (GenBank Accession Number AY581116). Minipig CYP2E1 is two residues shorter than its human ortholog. The only difference between pig and minipig sequence is the presence of aspartic acid residue in position 346 contrary to valine in(More)
Silybin (a flavonolignan, the main component of silymarin, an extract from the seeds of Silybum marianum) has been used to date mostly as a hepatoprotectant. However, it also has other interesting activities, e.g., anticancer and hypocholesterolemic effects. It is also known that silybin can inhibit the activities of the cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes. In(More)
In our study, we tested the hypothesis whether valproic acid (VPA) in therapeutic concentrations has potential to affect expression of CYP3A4 and MDR1 via constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR) pathways. Interaction of VPA with CAR and PXR nuclear receptors was studied using luciferase reporter assays, real-time reverse(More)
Azole antifungal drug ketoconazole has recently been demonstrated as an inhibitor of a ligand-induced pregnane X receptor (PXR)-mediated transcriptional regulation of the CYP3A4 gene through disruption of PXR interaction with steroid receptor coactivator (SRC)-1. In contrast, other clotrimazole-derived antifungal agents are known as potent inducers of(More)
BACKGROUND The search for an optimal experimental model in pharmacology is recently focused on (mini)pigs as they seem not only to be an alternative source of cells and tissues for xenotherapy but also an alternative species for studies on drug metabolism in man due to similarities between (mini) pig and human drug metabolizing systems. The purpose of this(More)
To prove the suitability of minipigs as experimental animal in modeling of the drug metabolism and pharmacokine-tics in man, propafenone metabolism in vitro at the microsomal level as well as propafenone pharmacokinetics in the minipig was studied. The results were compared with those obtained for humans. It can be concluded that whereas the microsomal in(More)
The growing interest in the composition and effects of microbiota raised the question how drug pharmacokinetics could be influenced by concomitant application of probiotics. The aim of this study was to find whether probiotic E. coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) influences the pharmacokinetics of concomitantly taken antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone (AMI). Live(More)
Isolated human hepatocytes (HH) are an accepted model for in vitro experiments for testing liver function and xenobiotic metabolism. Preferred over more traditional animal hepatocyte model used in toxicological studies, it is the model of choice when substances undergoing biotransformation in man are investigated. The aim of this study was to optimize(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to find whether probiotic Lactobacillus casei influences the expression or the activity of cytochromes P450 (CYP) and whether it has an influence on the level of CYP mRNA in male rats. DESIGN Live bacterial suspension of L. casei was administered orally (gavage) to healthy male Wistar rats daily for 7 days. Control(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the contribution of individual purified porcine CYP1A2, 2E1 and 2A19 enzymes to the biotransformation of skatole. METHODS Individual porcine and human enzymes (CYP1A2, 2E1 or 2A6/19) were used to study their potential involvement in skatole metabolism. Furthermore, the inhibition experiments using specific inhibitors of CYP1A2, 2E1 or(More)