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Atthe International Workshop on Genotoxicity Test Procedures (IWGTP) held in Washington, DC, March 25-26, 1999, an expert panel met to develop guidelines for the use of the single-cell gel (SCG)/Comet assay in genetic toxicology. The expert panel reached a consensus that the optimal version of the Comet assay for identifying agents with genotoxic activity(More)
As part of the Fourth International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing (IWGT), held 9-10 September 2005 in San Francisco, California, an expert working group on the Comet assay was convened to review and discuss some of the procedures and methods recommended in previous documents. Particular attention was directed at the in vivo rodent, alkaline (pH >13)(More)
A.Hartmann1,12, E.Agurell2, C.Beevers3, S.Brendler-Schwaab4, B.Burlinson5, P.Clay6, A.Collins7, A.Smith8, G.Speit9, V.Thybaud10 and R.R.Tice11 1Novartis Pharma AG, Nervous Systems PRIDE, WSJ106.2.42, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland, 2AstraZeneca R&D Södertälje, Safety Assessment, S-151 85 Södertälje, Sweden, 3Inventures, 1 Trevelyan Square, Boar Lane, Leeds LS1(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation of amino acids produces compounds with affinity for the Ah receptor. Aqueous solutions of L-tryptophan were exposed to radiation from an unfiltered high-pressure mercury lamp. The photoproducts formed were solvent-extracted or concentrated on Sep-Pak C18 cartridges.(More)
Some aspects of the statistical design and analysis of the Comet (single cell gel electrophoresis) assay have been evaluated by means of a simulation study. The tail length and tail moment were selected for the quantification of DNA migration. Results from the simulation study showed that the choice of measure to summarize the cells on each slide is(More)
The two alkylating agents ethylene oxide (EO) and propylene oxide (PO) were compared for genotoxic effectiveness in various test systems. The study was undertaken partly to shed light on the difference between the compounds found after chronic exposure of monkeys (Lynch et al., 1984) where EO but not PO was able to induce SCE and chromosomal aberrations. In(More)
The in vivo alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis assay, hereafter the Comet assay, can be used to investigate the genotoxicity of industrial chemicals, biocides, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. The major advantages of this assay include the relative ease of application to any tissue of interest, the detection of multiple classes of DNA damage and the(More)
Minisatellites comprise arrays of tandemly repeated short DNA sequences which show extensive variation in repeat unit number. The mechanisms that underlie this length variation are not understood. In order to study processes influencing length changes of minisatellites, we integrated the human minisatellite MS1 into a haploid strain of the yeast(More)
Extended-term cultures of human lymphocytes provide a source of uniform human cells that can be used for several experiments performed over a long time, avoiding the variability arising from taking blood samples for individual experiments. The use of extended-term cultures of human T-lymphocytes in the alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis assay (comet(More)
To study chemically induced DNA amplifications we used the haploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain TR(MS1)-1 carrying an integrated chromosomal copy of the human minisatellite, MS1. Chemicals with different mechanisms of action were tested in this strain: methyl methanesulphonate, ethylene oxide (EO), propylene oxide (PO), camptothecin,(More)