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Mucor circinelloides responds to blue light by activating carotene biosynthesis. Wild-type strains grown in darkness contain minimal amounts of beta-carotene because of the low levels of transcription of the structural genes for carotenogenesis. When exposed to a light pulse, the level of transcription of these genes increases strongly, leading to the(More)
A cDNA sequence coding for a pea (Pisum sativum L.) 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (2-Cys Prx) has been cloned. The deduced amino acid sequence showed a high sequence homology to the 2-Cys Prx enzymes of Phaseolus vulgaris (86%), Arabidopsis thaliana (75%), and Spinacia oleracea (75%), and contained a chloroplast target sequence at its N-terminus. The mature enzyme,(More)
The carotene producer fungus Mucor circinelloides is the zygomycete more amenable to genetic manipulations by using molecular tools. Since the initial development of an effective procedure of genetic transformation, more than two decades ago, the availability of new molecular approaches such as gene replacement techniques and gene expression inactivation by(More)
Lycopene has become one of the most interesting antioxidant compounds, especially in relation to human health. This work describes a genetic strategy to modify the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway to develop a lycopene-overproducing strain. The crgA gene, a negative regulator of carotenogenesis, was disrupted in the Mucor circinelloides strain MU202, which(More)
BACKGROUND Carotenoids are natural pigments with antioxidant properties that have important functions in human physiology and must be supplied through the diet. They also have important industrial applications as food colourants, animal feed additives and nutraceuticals. Some of them, such as β-carotene, are produced on an industrial scale with the use of(More)
Protein ubiquitylation plays a major role in the regulation of cellular processes mainly through proteasome-dependent degradation, although it has become increasingly clear that it is also involved in other processes. In the fungus Mucor circinelloides, blue light regulates carotene biosynthesis, with this response controlled by crgA and mcwc-1c genes. CrgA(More)
This work describes the isolation and characterization of crgA, a Mucor circinelloides gene, which has a dominant-positive effect on light-regulated carotenogenesis. The crgA gene was originally identified in a transformation experiment as a 3'-truncated open reading frame which caused carotenoid overaccumulation in the dark. The complete cloning and(More)
The protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway plays a role in regulating growth and differentiation in the dimorphic fungus Mucor circinelloides. PKA holoenzyme is comprised of two catalytic (C) and two regulatory (R) subunits. In M. circinelloides, four genes encode the PKAR1, PKAR2, PKAR3, and PKAR4 isoforms of R subunits. We have constructed null mutants(More)
Protein ubiquitylation plays a major role in the regulation of many cellular processes by altering the stability, localization or function of target proteins. CrgA is a protein of Mucor circinelloides that shows the characteristics of ubiquitin ligases and is involved in the regulation of carotenogenesis and asexual sporulation in this fungus. CrgA, which(More)