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Insect neuropeptides of the insect kinin class share a common C-terminal pentapeptide sequence F(1)X(1)(2)X(2)(3)W(4)G(5)-NH(2) (X(2)(3) = P, S, A) and regulate such critical physiological processes as water balance and digestive enzyme release. Analogs of the insect kinin class, in which the critical residues of F(1), P(3), and W(4) were replaced with(More)
The multifunctional arthropod 'insect kinins' share the evolutionarily conserved C-terminal pentapeptide motif Phe-X1-X2-Trp-Gly-NH2, where X1=His, Asn, Ser, or Tyr and X2=Ser, Pro, or Ala. Eight different analogs of the insect kinin C-terminal pentapeptide active core in which the critical residues Phe 1, Pro3 and Trp 4 are replaced with beta 3-amino acid(More)
Composites of hydroxyl-terminated PAMAM dendrimers, generation 4.0 (64 peripheral OH groups) containing either Ir, Pt or Rh nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized in solution. Each one of these composites was then immobilized on a glassy carbon electrode (GC) and incorporated as an amperometric detector for dopamine in a high-performance liquid(More)
The introductory section of this review presents some of the currently most compelling beta-amino acid targets, according to their structural types: alpha- and beta-aryl substituted, olefinic and alkynyl, alpha, alpha- and alpha,beta-disubstituted, cyclic and conformationally restricted, fluorine-containing, and phosphonic analogous beta-amino acids. The(More)
The pyrokinin/pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PK/PBAN) family plays a significant role in a multifunctional array of important physiological processes in insects. PK/PBAN analogs incorporating beta-amino acids were synthesized and evaluated in a pheromonotropic assay in Heliothis peltigera, a melanotropic assay in Spodoptera littoralis, a(More)
Quorum-sensing (QS) is a bacterial mechanism for regulation of gene expression in response to cell density. In Gram-positive bacteria, oligopeptides are the signaling molecules to elicit QS. The RNPP protein family (Rap, NprR, PlcR, and PrgX) are intracellular QS receptors that bind directly to their specific signaling peptide for regulating the(More)
Enantiomerically enriched hydroxy-substituted beta-amino esters have been synthesized through CAL-B-catalyzed enantioselective hydrolysis in organic media. Moderate to good enantiomeric excess values (ee > or = 52%) were obtained when the CAL-B-catalyzed reactions were performed in t-BuOMe, at 60 degrees C with 0.5 equiv. of added H(2)O as nucleophile.
The enthalpies of formation in the condensed and gas states, DeltafH degrees m(cd) and DeltafH degrees m(g), of 1,3- and 1,4-oxathiane sulfones were derived from their respective enthalpies of combustion in oxygen, measured by a rotating bomb calorimeter and the variation of vapor pressures with temperatures determined by the Knudsen effusion technique.(More)
Here, we have analyzed the subcellular destiny of newly synthesized tight junction protein zona occludens (ZO)-2. After transfection in sparse cells, 74% of cells exhibit ZO-2 at the nucleus, and after 18 h the value decreases to 17%. The mutation S369A located within the nuclear exportation signal 1 of ZO-2 impairs the nuclear export of the protein.(More)
Class I-restricted T cell associated molecule (CRTAM) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that complies with the structural characteristics of the JAM family of proteins and is phylogenetically more closely related to nectin-like proteins. Here we demonstrate for the first time, that CRTAM is expressed in epithelial cells along the lateral(More)