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Four strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii were cultivated in the subtropical waters of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil (27°29′19′′ S/48°32′28′′ W), from February 2009 to February 2010. Seaweeds were cultivated on floating raft near of mussel farms. Salinity ranged from 29 to 36 psu and temperature from 17.1 to 28.5°C. Higher growth rates (5.12–4.29%(More)
Filamentous fungi and yeasts associated with the marine algae Adenocystis utricularis, Desmarestia anceps, and Palmaria decipiens from Antarctica were studied. A total of 75 fungal isolates, represented by 27 filamentous fungi and 48 yeasts, were isolated from the three algal species and identified by morphological, physiological, and sequence analyses of(More)
The attachment of spores to a substratum is essential for their germination and, therefore, to the completion of the life cycle of the red algae. In most red algae, spores are liberated without a cell wall, within a sheath of mucilage which is responsible for their primary attachment. Utilizing fluorescent-labeled lectins, we identified carbohydrate(More)
The yield and the quality of carrageenan depend, among other things, on the cultivar or strain and on the cultivation and processing techniques. This work presents carrageenan yields and some properties of Kappaphycus alvarezii under selected cultivation conditions i.e. cultivation period, depth and planting density. Growth rates (GR) ranged from 5.2–7.2%(More)
Gayralia K.L. Vinogr. is a monostromatic green alga of commercial importance in the southern Brazil, and its cultivation is being considered. This paper reports some basic aspects of the biology of this poorly known genus. Two populations of Gayralia spp., from outer and inner sectors of Paranaguá Bay, showed an asexual life history with a distinct pattern(More)
The yield, IR spectra, 3,6-anhydro-d-galactose and sulfate content are given for several species of putative carrageenophytes from different sites on the Brazilian coast. Kappa carrageenan was found in Hypnea musciformis and Gigartina spp. ; all the other species tested yield an iota type. The lowest carrageenan yield was found in Cryptonemia crenulata(More)
Tissue culture techniques were applied for micropropagation of the red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii in order to select the best strain and experimental system for in vitro culture. Five strains were tested: brown (BR), green (GR) and red (RD) tetrasporophytes, brown female gametophyte (BFG), and a strain originating from tetraspore germination (“Edison de(More)
The University of São Paulo Gracilariaceae Germplasm Bank has 50 strains collected mostly in Brazil, but also elsewhere in the world. This bank has been used as a source of material for research developed locally and abroad. With over 200 species, some of which have high economic value, the family Gracilariaceae has been extensively studied. Nonetheless,(More)
Two new species of Gracilariopsis from the Indian Ocean are proposed-Gracilariopsis (Gp.) mclachlanii Buriyo, Bellorin et M. C. Oliveira sp. nov. from Tanzania and Gracilariopsis persica Bellorin, Sohrabipour et E. C. Oliveira sp. nov. from Iran-based on morphology and DNA sequence data (rbcL gene and SSU rDNA). Both species fit the typical features of(More)
This paper is part of an extensive study on the biodiversity of the macroalgal flora of São Paulo state, SE Brazil. Previous assessments were based only on morphological descriptions. Here, we tested the effectiveness of DNA barcoding, in comparison with morphological observations for the recognition and cataloging of species. The focus of this study is the(More)