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We investigate how the creativity support tool combinFormation supports the creativityoriented course, The Design Process, by representing collections as compositions. Undergraduate students in The Design Process are charged with working in interdisciplinary teams to develop new inventions. combinFormation is a mixed-initiative system that integrates(More)
We are exploring new roles for interactive systems in supporting creative processes and aiding in idea formation. combinFormation is an interactive system that uses the information resources of the internet to promote creative thinking. Image and text representations are collected and manipulated in a composition space, which invokes complementary human(More)
Many HCI researchers have demonstrated that web and video conferencing do a poor job of preserving nonverbal cues and may not be comparable to person-to-person meetings because it changes the nature of information processing and imposes more cognitive burden by users. However, many industrial conferences and meetings are moving from person-to-person(More)
As people become more and more involved with digital information, they grow proportionally involved in situated practices of collecting. They put together large sets of information elements. However, their attention to those information elements is limited. They use whatever means are at hand in order to form representations of their collections. They need(More)
combinFormation is a mixed-initiative creativity support tool for searching, browsing, organizing, and integrating information. Images and text are connected to represent surrogates (enhanced bookmarks), optimizing the use of human cognitive facilities. Composition, an alternative to lists and spatial hypertext, is used to represent a collection of(More)
People need to find, work with, and put together information. Diverse activities, such as scholarly research, comparison shopping, and entertainment involve collecting and connecting information resources. We need to represent collections in ways that promote understanding of individual information resources and also their relationships. Representing(More)
While sometimes the task that motivates searching, browsing, and collecting information resources is finding a particular fact, humans often engage in intellectual and creative tasks, such as comparison, understanding, and discovery. Information discovery tasks involve not only finding relevant information, but also seeing relationships among collected(More)
We used human movement as the basis for designing a collaborative aesthetic design environment. Our intention was to promote social interaction and creative expression. We employed off-the-shelf computer vision technology. Movement became the basis for the choreography of gestures, the development of gesture recognition, and the development of imagery and(More)
Although sometimes the task that motivates searching, browsing, and collecting information resources is finding a particular fact, humans often use information resources in intellectual and creative tasks that can include comparison, understanding, and discovery. Information discovery tasks involve not only finding relevant information but also seeing(More)
This paper develops a semiotic operand, the hypersign. The hyperlink is structurally amenable to semiotic analysis. Anchor and destination function as signifier and signified. Especially significant are digital surrogates, such as Amazon catalogue entries, and Google gists, which are systematically produced hypertextual signifier-signified pairings.(More)