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A live oral Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor vaccine, Peru-15 was tested in a double-blind, randomized placebo controlled study for safety and immunogenicity in Phase I and Phase II studies in 240 Bangladeshi children aged 9 months-5 years of age. Two different doses (2x10(7) and 2x10(8)cfu) were tested. Vaccination did not elicit adverse events and the strain was(More)
In biomedical research, researchers frequently use statistical procedures such as the t-test, standard analysis of variance (ANOVA), or the repeated measures ANOVA to compare means between the groups of interest. There are frequently some misuses in applying these procedures since the conditions of the experiments or statistical assumptions necessary to(More)
BACKGROUND A live oral Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor vaccine candidate, Peru-15, was studied for safety, immunogenicity, and excretion in phase 1 (inpatient) and phase 2 (outpatient) studies of Bangladeshi adults.METHODs. The study was conducted among adults, by use of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled design. A single dose of Peru-15(More)
Despite the availability of at least two licensed typhoid fever vaccines--injectable sub-unit Vi polysaccharide vaccine and live, oral Ty21a vaccine--for the last decade, these vaccines have not been widely introduced in public-health programmes in countries endemic for typhoid fever. The goal of the multidisciplinary DOMI (Diseases of the Most(More)
Chemotherapy represents a palliative treatment, with poor response rates and a median survival of less than 6 months in patients with biliary tract cancers (BTCs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX) in patients with BTCs including gall bladder cancer. We(More)
From 1996 onward, a pandemic spread of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infections due to one clone has been reported in several Asian countries. During a population-based study that relied on passive surveillance, 548 cases of V. parahaemolyticus infection were detected between 1997 and 1999 in the Khanh Hoa province of Vietnam. Detection of cases of V.(More)
BACKGROUND To design an efficacy trial of a killed oral vaccine against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhea in Egyptian children, we derived for ETEC diarrhea an empirical definition that increased the probability that diarrhea associated with excretion of ETEC was caused by the detected ETEC. METHODS We conducted a cohort study of 397(More)
Response-adaptive designs have become popular for allocation of the entering patients among two or more competing treatments in a phase III clinical trial. Although there are a lot of designs for binary treatment responses, the number of designs involving covariates is very small. Sometimes the patients give repeated responses. The only available(More)
Covariate-adjusted response-adaptive (CARA) design becomes an important statistical tool for evaluating and comparing the performance of treatments when targeted medicine and adaptive therapy become important medical innovations. Due to the nature of the adaptive therapies of interest and how subjects accrue to a sampling procedure, it is of interest how to(More)