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BACKGROUND Although intraperitoneal surgery is a major operation associated with postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI), the incidence, risk factors, and long-term renal outcome are not well known. We aimed to determine the risk factors and 6 months renal outcome in patients with clinical or subclinical AKI after hepatobiliary surgery. We also assessed the(More)
Non-Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) or atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is observed in 5-10% of all hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) cases, and usually develops secondary to infections, malignancies, drugs, transplantation, pregnancy, and autoimmune disease. However, there has been no report on adult onset HUS initiated by(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence and mortality of septic acute kidney injury (AKI) remains high, whereas our understanding of pathogenesis for septic AKI is still limited. Glucocorticoids (GCs) have been clinically recommended for treatment of septic shock and also have showed favorable effect on septic AKI in several animal experiments. The aim of this study is to(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI) is thought to include a complex interplay between vascular endothelial cell dysfunction, inflammation, and tubular cell damage. Several lines of evidence suggest a potential anti-inflammatory effect of vitamin D in various kidney injury models. In this study, we investigated the effect of(More)
AIM Sepsis has been shown to induce the expansion of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs), and this paradoxical immune suppression has been suggested to be closely associated with the development of sepsis-induced organ dysfunction. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the possible link between immune suppression and the development of septic acute(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiorenal syndrome is now frequently recognized, and the combined dysfunction of heart and kidney increases morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to investigate possible mechanisms that underlie renal damage following heart dysfunction using a rat myocardial infarction model, focusing on the inflammatory pathway. METHODS Rats were(More)
Although several urinary biomarkers have been validated as early diagnostic markers of acute kidney injury (AKI), their usefulness as outcome predictors is not well established. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic and prognostic abilities of urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) in heterogeneous critically ill patients. We(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It has been suggested that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and is associated with increased mortality among patients infected with C. difficile. However, recent studies of the clinical impact of CKD on CDI in Asians are still insufficient. We sought to determine the relationship between(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is generally a self-limited disease, but the infection in adults can be serious, to be often complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI) and rarely by virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (VAHS). Our patient, a 48-yr-old man, was diagnosed with HAV infection complicated by dialysis-dependent AKI. His kidney biopsy showed(More)